Recent mapping of acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) in Sweden has Drugs contraindicated in acute porphyria (Läkemedel farliga vid akut porfyri), jointly. Pathogenesis and treatment of acute intermittent porphyria. R D Forrest [ PubMed]; Lithner F. Intravenös hematinbehandling av akut intermittent porfyri. All porphyrias result from partial deficiency of one of the enzymes of heme biosynthesis and, apart from the sporadic form of porphyria cutanea tarda, are.

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Patients should be advised to register with an organization that provides warning jewelry in case intermittanf an accident e. Recommendations for the evaluation of parents of a proband with an apparent de novo pathogenic variant include urinary PBG determination or, if the proband’s HMBS pathogenic variant has been identified, molecular genetic testing of HMBS.

Treatment of the acute attack | European Porphyria Network

Indications include repeated internittant acute attacks, failure of medical therapy, and poor quality of life [ Seth et al ]. Testing of at-risk individuals younger than 18 years.

Combined liver and kidney transplantation, which has been successful, can be considered in those with AIP with repeated severe attacks and renal failure [ Wahlin et al ]. Hereditary coproporphyria Harderoporphyria Variegate porphyria Erythropoietic protoporphyria. J Inherit Metab Dis. Heme arginate Normosang Orphan Europe, Paris is an arginine-stabilized form of human hemin available in most other countries, including Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and South America.

If drugs have caused the attack, discontinuing the offending substances is essential. Rousseau and the autobiographical lie]. The cause of hyponatremia is not clear; both SIADH syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone release and renal salt wasting have been proposed as mechanisms.

Side effects can be minimized by administering estrogen, preferably by patch. Variants in splice consensus regions flanking each exon are common. Assay of erythrocyte HMBS enzyme activity may be useful in families in which an HMBS pathogenic variant cannot be identified or when molecular testing is not available.


ALAD porphyria Acute intermittent porphyria.

Acute Intermittent Porphyria – GeneReviews® – NCBI Bookshelf

The minimum effective infusion frequency should be employed, usually a weekly dose of hemin infused via an in-dwelling venous catheter. This finding suggests that common trans-acting factors may co-regulate the transcription of the HMBS enzyme activity of these genes. The Watson-Schwartz test or the Hoescht test is easy to perform; however, both have problems with sensitivity and specificity.

A year later, after a couple of misdiagnoses psychiatricand frighteningly worsening attacks intensity and frequencya DNA test at my insistence revealed that Jill had AIP. Skip to main content. Once the HMBS pathogenic variant has been identified in an affected family member, prenatal diagnosis for a pregnancy at increased risk and preimplantation genetic diagnosis for AIP are possible.

Psychosocial and other stresses, including intercurrent illnesses, infections, alcoholic excess, and surgery, can precipitate an attack. Gilbert’s syndrome Crigler—Najjar syndrome Lucey—Driscoll syndrome.

Treatment of the acute attack

Liver transplantation is curative and reported from several centers [ Soonawalla et alWahlin et alDowman et al ]. Most patients present soon after birth and have severe photosensitivity, erythrodontia and hemolytic anaemia. Intravenous heme is the more effective and should be used unless heme preparations are unavailable. Measurement of erythrocyte HMBS activity is less sensitive but may be useful for the few families in which an HMBS pathogenic variant cannot be identified or when molecular testing is unavailable.

See all of Ilana Jacqueline’s Posts. Immediate treatment of an acute neurovisceral attack does not require confirmation of the specific type of acute porphyria.

Testing of at-risk asymptomatic family members When the HMBS pathogenic variant has been identified in the family, molecular genetic testing is the method of choice for intsrmittant of individuals who have an HMBS pathogenic variant and are therefore at risk for an acute attack. Evidence that acute intermittent porphyria and variegate porphyria differ in susceptibility and severity.

For questions regarding permissions or whether a specified use is allowed, contact: One of the many hypothesized diagnoses of the artist Vincent van Gogh is that he and his siblings, in particular his brother Theosuffered from AIP and syphilis. Because it is likely that testing methodology and our understanding of genes, allelic variants, and diseases will improve in the future, consideration should be given to banking DNA of affected individuals.


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A retrospective analysis of outcome of pregnancy in patients with acute porphyria. The most favored hypothesis is that porpholobilinogen buildup causes a toxic effects on neurons. Cutaneous manifestations of porphyria do not occur in AIP. One mutations, evidently originating in northern Sweden, is predominant. Cimetidine has been suggested as an alternative treatment [ Rogers ]; however, evidence for clinical efficacy remains elusive. The autonomic and peripheral nervous system are more vulnerable than the central nervous system because they are not protected by the blood-brain barrier.

An Up Hill Battle: Accurate diagnosis of clinically overt symptomatic porphyria requires identification of the unique pattern of overproduction of porffiria precursors that results from each enzyme deficiency more about laboratory diagnosis. Rousseau e la menzogna autobiografica” [The ego masks: Symptoms are more common in women than men and very rare before puberty.

In one-third of patients suffering from acute intermittent porphyria there is an associated increase in total cholesterol and LDLC levels. Only 7 patients have been reported since its description in Prevention of primary manifestations: Signs of neuropathy plrfiria the lower legs and feet of patients with acute intermittent porphyria.

Other Patients should be advised to register with an organization that provides warning jewelry in case of an accident e. Diagnostic criteria Screening families for VP.

Attacks of acute porphyria may be precipitated by endogenous or exogenous factors [ Anderson et al ].