A. Malinowski, J. Strzako, Antropologia, PWN, Warszawa, M. Godycki, Zarys Antropometrii, PWN, Warszawa,  R. Martin.
|Country:||Saint Kitts and Nevis|
|Published (Last):||13 June 2012|
|PDF File Size:||17.82 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||10.92 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Thus the reconstructed height is, to a substantial degree, afunction of the method used . Archaeological Biological Cultural Linguistic Social. Trotter and Gleser conductedsimilar research based on the quantitatively large amount ofbone material from the dead of the Korean War, whobelonged to varying ethnic groups: In contrast to Radcliffe-Brown ‘s structural functionalismMalinowski argued that culture functioned to meet the needs of individuals rather than society as a whole.
As a consequence ofthe possibility, in the case of women, of the easy visibility ofthe bodies state after the removal of bones, the number ofindividuals of the female sex examinedout of considera-tion for the families of the deceasedhad to be limited. Theresearch undertaken is being continued and its scope hasbeen broadened to take in shank bones and also measure-ments of all long bones of the lower limbs after they havebeen macerated and dried.
In his study,Pearson employed statistical methods not used by his pre-decessors: These models appear allthe more out-of-date when the so-called secular trend atendency for changes is taken into consideration, i.
FromMalinowski studied exchange and economics at the London School of Economics LSE under Seligman and Westermarckanalysing patterns of exchange in Aboriginal Australia through ethnographic documents. Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.
He took posts as lecturer and later as a chair in anthropology at the LSE, attracting large numbers of students and exerting great influence on the development of British Social Atrzako. In a brief passage in his book Broca’s Brainthe late science popularizer Carl Sagan criticized Malinowski for thinking natropologia “he had discovered a people in the Trobriand Islands who had not worked out the connection between sexual intercourse and childbirth”, arguing that it was more likely that the islanders were simply making fun of Malinowski.
The research carried out confirmed data on the subjectof the sexual differentiation of the relationship between theheight of anrtopologia body and the length of the long bones.
Bodies were chosen that were subject to rigor mortis,without obvious bodily deformation, and with clearlyformed features of skeletal maturity. Key theories Actor—network theory Alliance theory Cross-cultural studies Cultural materialism Culture theory Diffusionism Feminism Historical particularism Boasian anthropology Functionalism Interpretive Performance studies Political economy Practice theory Structuralism Post-structuralism Systems theory. Manouverier , Telkka , and Kurth, in order to obtain the height of a living person,recommended reducing the length of the remains by2 cm.
Theaverage length of left antroploogia was greater than that of rightfemurs: Measurements taken directly from bones confirm that thisis a more exact method than techniques that use X-rayequipment or those that depend on the calculation of theheight of living persons [9,20].
Theirvalue in the case of male femurs was greater. Pearson further drew attention to the lengtheningparameters of identity established in the course of theprocesses had stopped.
A large number of publications draw attention to theextension of the body that occurs after death. Anthropologists by nationality Anthropology by year Bibliography Journals List of indigenous peoples Organizations.
His study of the Kula ring was also vital to the development of an anthropological theory of reciprocityand his material from the Trobriands was extensively discussed in Marcel Mauss ‘s seminal essay The Gift. When attempting to identify unknownhuman remains, specialists are forced to use studies pre-senting methods that are of little use today, often possessingonly historical value [19,].
He reasoned that when the needs of individuals, who comprise society, are met, then the needs of society are met.
Bronisław Malinowski – Wikipedia
The naked bodies were placed on their backs on the flatsteel surface of the dissecting table. Suggestionspresent in earlier studies indicated that it would be reason-able to establish separate formulae for right side bones, malijowski side bones and malinowsik the average length of the bones onboth sides.
In cases where only a partial vertebral columnwas available, these changes related to establishing thepercentage of the length of the whole vertebral columnmade up by the height of individual vertebrae.
Father of Social Anthropology. It also explains the lack of a universalmethod that could be applied in every case of establishingthe identity of unknown remains. Not even the most intelligent native has any clear idea of the Kula as a big, organised social construction, still less of its sociological function and implications Antopologia all subsequent Social Anthropology.
He is often referred strzakp as the first researcher to bring anthropology “off the verandah” a phrase that is also the name of a documentary about his work that is, experiencing the everyday life of his subjects along with them.
These factors are intrapopulation factors, interpopulationfactors, and intergenerational factors . Upon his return to England after the war he published his main work Argonauts of the Western Pacificstrzko established him as one of the most important anthropologists in Europe of that time.