The Control Revolution Online is a student project website dedicated to late author James R. Beniger’s book entitled The Control Revolution: Technological and. Beniger, J. R. (). The Control Revolution: Technological and Economic Origins of the Information Society,. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. Communication and the. Control Revolution. James R. Beniger. In , Henry Crowell invented breakfast. He did not, of course, pio neer the practice?which.
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He unveils the irony of our labeling technology as dehumanizing when it appears to be more human than not.
The Control Revolution — James R. Beniger | Harvard University Press
If the Control Revolution was essentially a ervolution to the Industrial Revolution, however, why does it show no sign of abating more than a century later?
He proposes two methods for controlling large social systems: Can’t actually image how this author can cooperate all sections of human endeavor into such a book — pretty clear though — especially the description of control crisis benigef the 19th Century U. Most bureaucratic innovation arose in response to the crisis of control in the railroads; by the late s the large wholesale houses had fully exploited this form of control.
As the crisis of control spread through the material economy, it inspired a continuing stream of innovations in control technology.
Despite the Control Revolution’s importance for understanding contemporary society, however, especially the continuing impact of computers and microprocessors, the most useful lesson relates to our understanding of social life more generally.
The answer, as we have seen, is the Control Revolution, a complex. Inseparable from control are the twin activities of information processing and reciprocal communication. Its role was to fill the gap between availability of numerous technological possibilities which have occurred by the industrial revolution that had taken place a century ago and the immature social infrastructure that blocked their realization. Freight must be processed through nine transshipments between Philadelphia and Chicago, impeding distributional networks.
Economic activity might indeed depend on control, and control on information, but why do these relationships seem relatively so much more important now than a century ago? Wholesalers scramble to integrate movement of goods and cash among hundreds of manufacturers and thousands of retailers. Transcontinental air mail, facsimile. Bought a third copy. Inevitably the Industrial Revolution, with its ballooning use of energy to drive material processes, required a corresponding growth in the exploitation of information: As we saw in Chapter 7, three forces seem to sustain its development.
The latter includes what computer scientists now call preprocessing, a complement to the control exercised by bureaucracy through information processing, increasingly using computers and microprocessors.
Beniger shows that more recent developments in microprocessors, computers and telecommunications are only a smooth continuation of this Control Revolution. Technological and Economic Origins of the Information Society. He does remind us here of his original question, which is why and how this came to be.
He even describes technology as a natural extension of man, extending functions such as respiration or memory. It is here cintrol expands his concept of control to look into all social structures.
Refresh and try again. Modern bureaucracies with multiple departments.
Want to Read saving…. Lucy rated it liked it May 27, Durkheim noted that as society moved from local segmented markets to higher levels organization, it brought with it a need for greater information flow, a growing integratedness of society. So long as the energy used to process and move material throughputs did not much exceed that of human labor, individual workers in the system thd provide the information processing required for its control.
Why do we find ourselves living in an Information Society?
The Control Revolution
Now my secret adoration for the postal cotrol library systems can finally feel historically justified. Life itself implies purposive activity and hence control, as we found in Chapter 2, in national economies no less than in individual organisms. Ocntrol way, revoluion interesting dive into some of the undergirdings of modern society.
Large chain of stores. Maureen rated it it was ok Nov 30, Second, additional energy has increased not only the speed of material processing and transportation but their volume and predictability as well. Ken rated it it was revolutiom Dec 05, The origins of the information age traced back through technology and behavior changes. Between the s and the s came most of the important information-processing and communication technologies still in use today: It will be welcomed by sociologists, economists, historians of science and technology, and all curious in general.
Communication and computation technologies had grown separately until digital computers em Information technology is a combination of computing and communication, both of which have occured to information technology in the latter half of the 19th century.
These innovations, effected by transporters, producers, distributors, and marketers alike, reached something of a climax by the s. The journey would have been much more enjoyable if he had given us better signposts to alert us to his arguments.
The Control Revolution: Technological and Economic Origins of the Information Society
Bought a second copy and marked it up too. Auto plant designed for processing. His case studies are fascinating – he makes Quaker Oats seem exotic, bwniger the orig This book came at the right time and changed my thinking about so many things.