Political theory and the multicultural society. Bhikhu parekh. Cultural diversity in modern societies takes many forms, of which three are most common. First. Bhikhu Parekh’s Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory sets out to design paths for multiculturalism understood both as political. Kelly, Paul () Situating Parekh’s multiculturalism: Bhikhu Parekh and twentieth-century British political theory. In: Uberoi, Varun and.

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If any of its constituent units had different needs and required different kinds of rights, the demand was deemed to violate the principle of equality, and was either rejected or conceded with the greatest reluctance. If the minimum that the liberal insists upon is essentially liberal in nature and cannot be shown to be parekhh binding on all, it cannot be demanded of non-liberals without violating their moral autonomy. Autonomy in Social and Political Philosophy categorize this paper.

How is Context Relevant for Political Theory? Parekh challenges the continuing legacy of moral monism in contemporary liberalism. This is a truly important and original book. The sense of belonging cannot be ethnic and based on shared cultural, ethnic and other characteristics, for a multicultural society is too diverse for that, but must be political and based on a shared commitment to the political community. Examining the Politics of Recognition.

Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory – Wikipedia

Guided by such loyalty, they might criticise their form of government, institutions, policies, values, ethos and dominant self understanding in the strongest possible terms if they think that these harm its survival and well-being.

Their culture shapes them in certain ways, forms them into certain kinds of persons, and cultivates in them certain attachments, affections, moral and psychological dispositions, taboos and modes of reasoning. Added to PP index Total downloads 3of 2, Recent downloads 6 months 1of 2, How can I increase my downloads?

Their thought left little conceptual space for culture, which was largely seen as epiphenomenal, dealing with the morally indifferent areas of customs and rituals, and making little difference to how social and political life should be organized. While different citizens would develop different emotions towards their community, what is necessary to sustain it and can legitimately be expected of them is a basic commitment to its integrity and well-being, what one might call patriotism or political loyalty.

The modern state represents a very different view of social unity. Thus, he offers careful and clear accounts of why cultural differences should be respected and publicly affirmed, why the separation of church and state cannot be used to justify the separation of religion and politics, and why the initial critique of Salman Rushdie before a Fatwa threatened his life deserved more serious attention than it received.


Multiculturality refers to the fact of cultural plurality; multiculturalism to a normative response to that fact. The failure to distinguish between a multicultural and a multiculturalist society has often led to an agonized debate about how to describe a society. Pragmatic Pluralism and American Democracy.

American Journal of Sociology. Such a society, especially when its diverse cultural communities are territorially concentrated, might even call for a different and asymmetrical kind of political formation to that represented by the modern state. It is a matter of degree and could take such forms as a quiet concern for its well-being, deep attachment, affection, and intense love.

Earlier writers called contemporary Western society open, free, rational, civil or humane rather than liberal. In some societies minority communities are recent arrivals; in others they have lived for centuries; in yet others they were brought by colonial powers and retain an insider—outsider status.

Bhikhu Parekh has produced something very important here. Skip to content Political theory and the multicultural society Bhikhu parekh Cultural diversity in modern societies takes many forms, of which three are most common.

Political theory and the multicultural society

Others, many but not all of whom are deontological liberals, thin down liberal principles to what they take to be their minimum content, and make tolerance of non-liberal cultures conditional upon their acceptance of it. Learn more about Amazon Prime. The book displays all the wisdom and the fighting spirit of multicultjralism man who has been at the forefront of the theoretical and political battles over multiculturalism.

Companies have had few problems, as compared to nations, to transform multi-culturalism into wealth. Third, most modern societies also include several self-conscious and more or less well-organized communities entertaining and living by different systems of beliefs and practices. Even the USA and Canada have serious discrimination problems. Benjamin Barber, Director, Walt Whitman Center, Rutgers This book is a lucid and luminous examination of the multicylturalism and times of liberalism in the context of multiculturalism, migration, and cultural displacement.

Cultures grow out of conscious and unconscious interactions with each other, define their identity in terms of what they take to be their significant other, and are at least partially multicultural in their origins and constitution.

Situating Parekh’s multiculturalism: Bhikhu Parekh and twentieth-century British political theory

Sign in to use this feature. This book is excellent when it comes to examining the causes of this failure and what to do about it. Free speech and the issues about the Satanic verses are covered in a separate chapter number Second, it should acknowledge the inevitable openness, permeability and internal diversity of each culture and multiculfuralism that all cultures are multicultural in their origins and constitution.


A Journal of Social and Political Theory 56 Technology and goods travel freely, and they are not culturally neutral. Akbar’s belief was that the pursuit of reason rather than reliance on tradition was the way to address difficult problems of social harmony and that harmonious dialogues were the best method. And third, it should show how all cultures share enough in common to make dialogue possible, yet so differ in important respects as to make it necessary and desirable and occasionally impossible.

Since all multicultural societies share several important features, we can legitimately aim to develop a general theory of them. Andrea Cassatella – – Ratio Multicultuealism 19 1: Since they are all in one form or another connected with culture, a political theory of the multicultural society cannot offer coherent multiculturaliism to them without developing a well-considered theory muticulturalism the nature, structure, inner dynamics and role of culture in human life.

All claims that a particular institution or way of thinking or living is perfect, the best, or necessitated by human nature itself appear incoherent and even bizarre, for it goes against our well-considered conviction that all ways of thought and life are inherently limited and cannot embody the full range of the richness, complexity and grandeur of human existence. They advocated universally valid visions of the good life, prescribed universally applicable models of political unity, advanced theories of political obligation whose central principles such as consent, fair play and gratitude were assumed to have the same moral force in different societies and cultural traditions, and so forth.

Although all three usages have their advantages and disadvantages, the third has on balance most to be said in favour of it.

The wisdom of a multicultural society consists in its ability to anticipate, minimize and manage such demands. Parekh – – Oxford University Press. In short, both contemporary Western society at large and the consciousness of its individual members are characterized by an interplay of different mutually regulating and historically sedimented impulses that are too complex to be neatly distinguished into liberal and non-liberal.

Since the state required cultural and social homogenization as its necessary basis, it has for nearly three parekg sought to mould the wider society in that direction.

It might respond to its cultural plurality in one of two ways, each of which is in turn capable of taking several forms. Amazon Music Stream millions of songs. Would you like to tell us about a lower price?