transmitting other pathogens between plants. Cassytha filiformis L. is a leafless, climbing, twining, vine-like, autoparasitic and plant-hyperparasitic phanero-. C. filiformis is a parasitic vine with a pan-tropical distribution (GBIF, ). It is primarily a plant of coastal areas, where it may become. Cassytha filiformis L. (Lauraceae), a medicinal plant is traditionally used for the treatment of cancer, African trypanosomiasis and many other related diseases.

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Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany, 28 1: In Florida, USA, suppression of the invasive tree Schinus terebinthifolius by the potential biocontrol lepidopteran Episimus unguiculus can be enhanced by parasitism of the tree by the native C. Following germination, the primary root fails to develop but several small adventitious roots may provide anchorage for a short period Mahadevan and Jayasuriya, b.

The fruits have a physical dormancy, and germinate only after scarification or softening by microbial action Mahadevan and Jayasuriya, a. Alkaloids from Cassytha filiformis and related aporphines: There are also some flowers, young fruits and even a few leaves Photograph by: It is quite likely to be introduced deliberately as a medicinal plant, as a cultural accessory, or simply as a curiosity see Uses.


Leaves small, scale-like, about 0.

Cassytha filiformis – Useful Tropical Plants

It is not known what encourages C. British Indian Ocean Territory. Pantropic being found on all the major continents and most tropical areas.

University of Hawaii at Manoa. Other tree crops reported to be damaged include mango, citrus, nutmeg, avocado, sandalwood, camphor trees Cinnamomum camphora and coconut. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.

It frequently connects bushes and trees by cords, and becomes a nuisance to the traveller. USDA recorded an accidental introduction of C. There are six tepalseach 0. The influence of the hemiparasitic angiosperm Cassytha pubescens on photosynthesis of its host Cytisus scoparius.

Host-range studies of Cassytha filiformis L.

Cassytha filiformis

Lauraceae in the Bahamas. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment.

Reproductive Biology Regarding pollination, Weber did not observe any particular insects on the flowers of C. Antioxidant activity has been reported by Nwaehujor et al. Inland, it may occur on a wide range of hosts, including quite large trees but not tall forest as well as grasses.

Cassytha filiformis (love-vine)

Uses Top of page Social Benefit C. It also spreads from tree to tree by vegetative growth. Don’t need the entire report? Proceedings of the first symposium on the botany of the Bahamas June 11—14, Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.


It can be damaging to crop plants — usually tree crops such as mango, citrus, nutmeg, avocado, sandalwood, neem, camphor ffiliformis Cinnamomum camphora and coconut — but also ornamental trees. Additions to the host-range of Cassytha filiformis L.

Inner tepals about 2 mm long. International Common Names English: Australian Journal of Botany, 61 4: India, Illustration Rheede, Hort. Radicles are tuberous, swollen and whitish-green. It is primarily a plant of coasta Current Science, 89 Unlike some of the less widely distributed species of Cassytha, C.

Note on parasite-host interaction of Cassytha filiformis L.

The fruits are dispersed by sea currents and by birds Prota4U, Altitudinal range in northern Australia from near sea level to m. International Forestry and Environment Symposium, The earliest records of C. Turner and Henderson, Sydney. Flowers are borne fuliformis spikes or sometimes solitary. Cassytha filiformis – a census on its host range in the district of Midnapore, West Bengal.

The latter twine round the leaves or stems of hosts, forming quite regularly-spaced haustoria.