Kingdom: Plantae. Phylum/Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Eudicots. Order: Malpighiales. Family: Euphorbiaceae. Genus: Excoecaria. Species: E. agallocha. A widespread and common species, though there are some localised threats and there has been an overall population decline caused by coastal development. Common name: Blinding Tree, Milky mangrove, Blind-your-eye mangrove, River poison tree • Bengali: gewa • Hindi: Gangiva, Tejbala • Kannada: hara, haro.

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Like other mangrove plants, Buta-buta is adapted to cope with high salinity levels.

Chem Pharm Bull Tokyo ; excocearia Details are given in [ Table 3 ]. Ethanolic stem extract of Excoecaria agallocha induces G1 arrest or apoptosis in human lung cancer cells depending on their P53 Status.

Chem Res Chin Univ. His research involves bioactivity and phytochemical studies of various medicinal plant species.

The result showed that the third fraction exhibited the maximum activity which was 12 mm against V. Life agallochs are treated in the field for Life Cycle. The copious milky sap can cause intense pain and blistering if it makes contact with the skin.

Unlike most mangrove species, they do not have specialized aerial roots called pneumatophores that extend above the soil surface and supply the underground roots with oxygen.


Drug plants of India. Achyranthes aspera — An important medicinal plant: Among local mangrove plants, the drooping flowering shoot is a unique characteristic. Agallohcamilky mangrove, blind-your-eye mangrove and river poison tree. The methanolic extract also showed potent nitric oxide radical inhibition IC 50 value 4.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Leaves simple, alternate; stipules lateral, minute; petiole mm long, agalllocha, glabrous; lamina x 1. The chemical constituents of E. Antitumor protecting activity Seven diterpenoids were isolated from E. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. In Thailand, the wood and bark is used as a cure for flatulence.

Prosea Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. Nat Prod Indian J. Seco-labdane type diterpenes from Excoecaria agallocha. Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. Anti-tumor-promoting activity of the diterpene from Excoecaria agallocha. Int J ChemTech Res. Diterpenoids Diterpenes are the most abundantly isolated agalloccha metabolite from E.

Excoecaria agallocha L. | Species | India Biodiversity Portal

His research interests are: InPatil et al. Antioxidative and anti-histamine-release activities of Excoecaria agallocha L. New bis-secolabdane diterpenoids from Excoecaria agallocha. The foraging behaviour and diving patterns of Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger were studied dur Screening of antioxidant and antifilarial activity of leaf extracts of Excoecaria agallocha L.

A study on antibacterial activity of mangrove plant Excoecaria agallocha L. A novel phorbol ester was isolated from stems and leaves as the anti-HIV principle. Asian J Med Sci. Fruit a capsule x mm, depressed globose, crustaceous, 3-celled, black; pedicels mm long; seeds 3, globose. The fruit are small, white berries clustered along the spike. Asian J Plant Sci Res. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed.


New class of secolabdanoid compounds 37—40 with an unprecedented skeleton were isolated from the stems. Int Res J Pharm. A piperidine alkaloid from Excoecaria agallocha. Antihistamine-release activity of E. Principles and Conservation 2nd ed.

They were mainly organic acids, organic acid esters and alcohol derivatives. Anticancer activity InPatil et al.

Excoecaria agallocha

Packialakshmi N, Kanimozhi P. Medicines derived from medicinal plants are excoscaria easily available, safer, economical, and effective. Anticancer activity of Excoecaria agallocha leaf extract in cell line model. Evaluation of the antioxidant activity of environmental plants: Branch of Excoecaria agallocha L.

Secoatisane- and isopimaran-type diterpenoids from the Chinese mangrove Excoecaria agallocha L.

Milky mangrove (Excoecaria agallocha)

Gifts and benefits agwllocha. The fruit are capsules mm wide, usually with three cells, each containing a seed. Conflicts of interest There are no conflicts of interest.