History of Baalbek [Michel M. Alouf, Tedd St Rain] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. At one time, the worldwide fame of the ruins at Baalbek. Baalbek is an ancient Phoenician city located in what is now modern day Lebanon, north of Beirut, in the Beqaa Valley. Inhabited as early. Author: Michel M. Alouf; Category: Voyages; Length: Pages; Year:

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He further adds that stones of this size and proportion were also employed ‘in the interest of appearance’. It is located in one of the drier regions of the country, giving it an average of mm of precipitation compared with mm in coastal areas annually, overwhelmingly concentrated in the months from November to April. I was therefore excited to discover that, according to Sanchoniatho, Ouranus was supposed to have ‘devised Baetulia, contriving stones that moved as having life’.

History of Baalbek – Michel M. Alouf – Google Books

He was Cronus’ ‘secretary’, from whom the god gained advice and assistance on all matters. The Phoenicians are known to have employed the use of cyclopean masonry in the construction of their citadels.

This quarry was slightly higher than the temple complex, [] [] so no lifting was required to move the stones. As he points out, similar methods of transportation were successfully employed in Egypt and Mesopotamia, as is witnessed by various stone reliefs.

The area around the inscription of the eagle jistory greatly damaged by the earthquake. His reasoning for this assertion was that, in the words of Ragette, he saw ‘no inherent relation between the Roman temple and this hostory.

It is feasible that, if the Watchers and Nephilim and therefore the Titans and giants are to be seen as a lost race of human beings, any presumed pre-Phoenician culture in Lebanon could not have failed to have encountered their presence in the Near East.

The stone was found underneath and next to the Stone of the Pregnant Woman “Hajjar al-Hibla” and measures around Apparently challenged by the already huge pre-Roman construction, the early imperial Jupiter sanctuary shows both an architectural megalomaniac design and construction technique in the first half of the first century AD. Zecharia Sitchin in his book The Stairway to Heaven proposes that the Great Platform was a landing site and launch pad for extra-terrestrial vehicles.

The emperor Trajan consulted the site’s oracle twice. Evidence indicates they established a colony in the mountains of Kurdistan in south-east Turkey sometime after the cessation of the last Ice Age, before going on to influence the rise of western civilization.


The reality of such myths is quite another matter, especially as equally strong traditions associate the pre-Flood events of the Book of Genesis with Turkish and Iraqi Kurdistan.

History of Baalbek

It is estimated to weigh 1, tonnes 1, tons. Heliopolis in Phoenicia; not to be confused with the Egyptian bishopric Heliopolis in Augustamnica was a bishopric under Roman and Byzantine rule, but it was wiped xlouf by Islam.

Ultimately, the site vied with Praeneste in Italy as the two largest sanctuaries in the Western world. Ibn al-Muqaddam did not consent and Saladin opted to invest the city in late to maintain peace within his own family.

The Story of Columbus by N. The blocks would then be pulled upwards by pulley gangs on the other side until they reached the required height; a similar method is thought to have been employed to erect the horizontal hhistory stones at Stonehenge, for instance.

Quarterly Statement for by Palestine Exploration Fund. Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Baalbek. The rectangular Great Court oc its west covers around 3 or 4 acres 1. Their next move would appear to suggest as much, for they decided that, instead of extending the courtyard, they would continue the existing pre-Roman temple podium behind the western end of the Temple of Jupiter.

The sherd featured cuneiform letters. The Temple of Jupiter. Admittedly, the Stone of the Pregnant Alokf remaining in the quarry does contain a seemingly random series of round holes in its upper surface, yet their precise purpose remains a mystery.

The giants and Titans are said to have helped Nimrod, the ‘mighty hunter’ construct the fabled Tower of Babel which reached towards heaven. The 6th-century chronicles of John Malalas of Antiochwhich claimed Baalbek as a ” wonder of the world o, [62] credited most of the complex to the 2nd-century Antoninus Piusbut it is uncertain how reliable his account is on the point.

Alouf, made his years of research available in this heavily illustrated work. He seems to have been one of the main figures in the later wars between his titanic brothers and the Olympian gods under the command of Zeus, and may simply have been Titan under another name. Alouf Book Tree- History – pages 0 Reviews https: Did the whole building project have to be abandoned because the site was over-run, or at least seriously threatened, by invading forces?

History of Baalbek

Yet the question remains as to why this pre-Phoenician, sea-going nation should histody wished to construct hisotry almighty edifice on an elevated plain between two enormous mountain ranges.


With correspondence to modern geography. Their progeny, the Nephilim, were half-mortalhalf-Watcherand there is tentative evidence in the writings of Sumer and Akkad to suggest that the accounts of great battles being fought between mythical kings and demons dressed as bird-men might well preserve the distorted memories of actual conflicts alluf mortal armies and Nephilim-led tribes. Another two— Ehud Histody and Eldad Regev —were believed to have been abducted alive but were later killed and then refrigerated.

The Temple of Bacchus —once wrongly credited to Jupiter [] [m] —may have been completed under Septimius Severus in the s, as his coins are the first to show it beside the Temple of Jupiter. Yet in the age of Augustus this should have meant that the temple be placed at one end of a courtyard that surrounded it aloyf all sides; it was the style of the day.

Following his brothers’ murders, Muhammad was able to take Damascus in and gave Baalbek to his vizier Unur. Alofu adds that after its arrival it was worshipped with Assyrian rather than Egyptian rites. On the basis of its similar name, several 19th-century Biblical archaeologists attempted to connect Baalbek to the ” Baalgad ” mentioned in the Hebrew Scripture ‘s Book of Joshua[29] the Baalath listed among Solomon ‘s cities in the First Book of Kings[30] [31] the Baal-hamon where he had a vineyard[32] [4] and the “Plain of Aven” in Amos.

The Big Debate The next problem is whether or not the Romans possessed the engineering capability to cut, transport and position tonne blocks of this nature. As the temple complex expanded throughout Roman times, the existing foundations extended southwards, beyond the inner podium, to where the Temple of Bacchus or Mercury was eventually constructed in the middle of the second century BC.

So exact was this design that it seemed certain the architects and masons had positioned their blocks using this scale plan. Archaeological sites in Lebanon. References to this book Caesarea Philippi: Retrieved August 25, On the other hand, the alleged connection between giants, Titans and Baalbek is quite another matter.

Autumn and spring are baalbe, and fairly rainy. One of the most puzzling hisgory of the ruins at Baalbek are the 1,plus ton stones which formed part of the original temple platform.

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