Oct 25, I got suckered again. Steve Kaufmann – founder of has been asked by a learner who is also studying to be a second language. The Process of Fossilization in Interlanguage. PUB DATE. Apr NOTE. 19p.; Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the. World Congress of Applied. Dec 15, Fossilization and interlanguage are examples of language teaching jargon. These kinds of technical terms often strike me as unnecessary.

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The concept of fossilization in SLA research is so intrinsically related to interlanguage that Selinker considers it to be a fundamental phenomenon of all SLA and not just to adult learners.

Attrition Classroom research Education Phonology Writing. This article has many issues. This article needs to be wikified. Fossilization most often occurs in an inadequate learning environment. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. Fossilization, thus, is a sort of stagnation in secondary language acquisition that cannot be overcome. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Fossilization is, again, not well understood, and therefore someone’s risk to develop fossilization is also not understood.

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Understanding Fossilization in Secondary Language Acquisition

Please help clean the page if you can. However, fossilization can still occur despite complete immersion in a foreign language environment for decades, a well documented phenomenon among, for example, immigrants.

The metaphor, as used in SLA literature, is appropriate because it refers to earlier language forms that become encased in a learner’s interlanguage and that, theoretically, cannot be changed by special attention or practice of the target language. Selinker’s concept of fossilization is similar to that of Nemser, [1] Tarone, [8] and Sridhar, [9] all of whom attempted to explore the causes of fossilizaton in second language learners’ interlanguage.


How to write Simple English pagesthen simplifying the article. InSelinker showed the concept of “Interlanguage fossilization. Please help improve it to make it understandable to non-expertswithout removing the technical details. Sometimes it is defined interlwnguage an imperfect language.

Or is it perhaps not that they cannot overcome fossilization, but that they will not? Please do this by following our layout guide. Please help improve this article by introducing appropriate citations of additional sources.

Interlanguage fossilization

Selinker suggests that the most important distinguishing factor related to second language acquisition is the phenomenon of fossilization. So, interlanguage fossilization fossilkzation the second language learners’ failure for achieving the new language.

Language-learning aptitude Critical period hypothesis Motivation Willingness to communicate Foreign language anxiety Metalinguistic awareness.

For tips on making this article better, read ” How to edit a page ” and ” How to write Simple English pages “. For a more technical approach, check out this article on Fossilization, automatization and second language acquisition.

Fossilization often means that certain aspects of the language were learned incompletely or incorrectly, such as grammatical features like conjugating verbs in the wrong fashion or using the wrong vocabulary, in such a manner that they cannot be unlearned and replaced with correct usage. The term, borrowed from the field of paleontologyconjures up an image of dinosaurs being enclosed in residue and becoming a set of hardened remains encased in sediment.

Learning a language at a younger age, following the CPH, also seems to reduce the risk of fossilization.

Interlanguage fossilization – Wikipedia

Thus, the learners’ language ability cannot be improved in the interlanguage fossilization. In the process of second language acquisition, interlanguage continually evolves into an ever-closer approximation of the target language, and ideally should advance gradually until it becomes equivalent, or nearly equivalent, to the target language. Fossilization may also consist of a sort of subconscious clinging to aspects of the learner’s mother tongue, for instance, with syntax and phonology.


Focus on form Input enhancement. See Terms of Use for details. Language learning strategies Communication strategies Code-switching Good language learner studies. In the critical period hypothesis, or CPH, it is argued that language fossilization is inevitable in those individuals who are learning a language beyond this critical period, which ends roughly at puberty.

The current understanding is that those who are learning the language within a native environment are less likely to fossilize, and at a minimum have a higher threshold at which they fossilize. Clearly, this is not the only issue at stake. This article may be too technical for most readers to understand. Pages needing cleanup from June All pages needing cleanup Pages needing to be simplified from June All pages that need simplifying Articles needing additional references from June All articles needing additional references Articles that need to be wikified from June All articles that need to be wikified.

Multilingualism Heritage language Multi-competence. Languages Simple English Edit links. This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.

Fossilization has attracted considerable interest among researchers and has engendered significant differences of opinion.

Understanding Fossilization in Secondary Language Acquisition

Please help fix them or discuss these issues on the talk page. The English used in this article or section may not be easy for everybody to understand.

According to Guiora et al.