Juni In , Morgenthau proposed the Morgenthau Plan for postwar Germany, calling for Germany to lose the heavy industry, and the Ruhr area. It took over two months for General Clay to overcome continued resistance to the new directive JCS , but on July 10, , it was finally. was superseded by the more accommodative JCS The first American Military Government Commander in Germany was. Dwight D. Eisenhower (of World.
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You will estimate requirements of supplies necessary to prevent starvation or widespread disease or such civil unrest as would endanger the occupying forces.
Thursday, January 20, The Morgenthau Plan for deliberate deindustrialization and starvation of Germany. In the U. Results from till the end of You will direct the German authorities to utilize large-landed estates and public lands in a manner which will facilitate the accommodation and settlement of Germans and others or increase agricultural output.
You will protect from destruction by the Germans, and maintain for such disposition as is determined by this and other directives or by the Control Council, all plants, equipment, patents and other property, and all books and records of large German industrial companies and trade and research associations that have been essential to the German war effort or the German economy. Pending agreement in the Control Council you will take these measures in your own zone.
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I have been disturbed over the arena in which the debate has been carried out. Roosevelt, Truman and the Destruction of Hitler’s Germany,p. Both as member of the Control Council and as zone commander you will take appropriate steps to ensure that.
In particular you will promptly undertake surveys of supplies, equipment and resources in your zone. The German people must have it driven home to them that the whole nation has been engaged in a lawless conspiracy against the decencies of modern civilization.
Pending agreement in the Control Council, you will put such measures into effect in your own zone as soon as you have had an opportunity to review and 179 production necessary for the purposes stated in paragraphs 4 and 5 of this directive. It is not a question of a regime, but of the homeland itself, and to save that, every German is bound to obey the call, whether he be Nazi or member of the opposition.
Removal of plants and equipment by members of the United Nations as restitution and reparation Paragraph 4. Milward, in —47 the average kilocalorie intake per day was 17779 1, an amount insufficient for long-term health. The original memorandum, written sometime between January and early Septembersigned by Morgenthau, and headed “Suggested Post-Surrender Program for Germany” is preserved at the Franklin D.
In May jfs, General Clay’s stop-order on the dismantling of plants for reparations marked the first open recognition of the failure of Potsdam. Such estimates will be based upon a program whereby the Germans are made responsible for providing for themselves, out of their own work and resources.
Hull jfs so jcx over the plan that he suffered from insomnia and eating problems and was hospitalized. You will take such action 1797 will insure that any impounded or blocked assets will be dealt with only as permitted under licenses or other instructions which you may issue. Living conditions were considered worse in than in or You will endeavor to obtain agreement in the Control Council to the making of this survey in the other zones of occupation and you will urge the coordination of ics methods and results of this survey in the various zones.
Pending agreement in the Control Council, you may permit such conversion in your zone. Prohibit, except as authorized by regulation or license, all dealings in gold, silver, foreign exchange, and all foreign exchange transactions of any kind. You will hold the German authorities responsible for taking such measures in the field of taxation and other fields of public finance, including restoration of the tax system and maintenance of tax revenues, as will further the accomplishment of the objectives stated in paragraphs 4 and 5.
You will assure that your military government does not become committed to any political group.
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Contemporary Economics and Business Association Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum published 27 May jcx To assist in carrying out this policy you will make a survey of combines and pools, 17779, holding companies and interlocking directorates and communicate the results, together with recommendations, to your government through the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
The Saar Protectorateanother important source of coal and industry for Germany, was likewise to be lost by the Germans. If in the light of conditions which you encounter in Germany, you believe that it is not immediately feasible to subject certain persons within these categories to this treatment, you should report your reasons and recommendations to your government through the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
At the same time he was directed to urge the Control Council to adopt these policies for enforcement throughout Germany.
Because nothing replaced the Morgenthau plan once it had been disavowed, the final version of JCS contained many of the harsh measures and all the intent of a hard peace toward Germany. In no event shall any differentiation be made between or special consideration be accorded to persons arrested, either as to manner of arrest or conditions of detention, upon the basis of wealth or political, industrial, or other rank or position.
The last repayment was made in June The Reichsbank, the Rentenbank or any other bank or agency may be permitted or required to issue bank notes and currency which will be legal tender; without such authorization no German governmental or private bank or agency will be permitted to issue bank notes or currency.
Germany will not be occupied for the purpose of liberation but as a defeated enemy nation.