Kesavananda Bharati V. State of Kerala () Shankari Prasad vs Union of India (AIR SC ) . Champakam Dorairajan vs State of Madras. Issue. JUDGMENT W.P.(C) OF Appellants: His Holiness Kesavananda Bharati Sripadagalvaru and Ors. Vs. Respondent: State of Kerala and Anr. Decided. The fundamental question dealt in Kesavananda Bharati v State of Kerala is whether the power to amend the constitution is an unlimited, or there is identifiable.

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Views Read Edit View history. Cooray, reads the obiter dicta in Bribery Commissioner v.

The reason behind the rule was explained by one of us in Gopalan’s [] S. It is popularly known as fundamental rights case. Therefore, this precious judgment had restored the faith of common people in Judiciary as well as in Democracy.

In Indira Nehru Gandhi v. The word ‘amendment’ occurring in Article must therefore be construed in such a manner as to preserve the power of the Parliament to amend the Constitution, but not so as to result in damaging or destroying the structure and identity of the Constitution.

As observed by Lord Denning in Corocraft v.

Kesavananda Bharati – Wikipedia

Seervai contends that the conclusion just mentioned was wrong and that the body that amends the Constitution under Article is not Parliament. This provision was intended to protect legislation dealing with agrarian reforms. So, there is no doubt from a perusal of these provisions that different words have been used to meet different demands. There are certain principles within the framework of Indian Constitution which are inviolable and hence cannot be amended by the Parliament.

Lake 99 C. Both these cases were followed by another Constitution bench in U. The sovereign character of the Constituent Assembly thus became automatic with the rapid march of events without any controversy, and the words in the Preamble “give to ourselves this Constitution” became appropriate.

State of Punjab, A. Article describes the effect of the Proclamation of Emergency. Article enables the President to specify the castes, races or tribes or parts of or groups within castes, races or tribes which shall for the purposes of this Constitution be deemed to be Scheduled Castes in relation to that State.

When the Kesavananda case was decided, the underlying apprehension of the majority bench that elected representatives could not be trusted to act responsibly was perceived to be unprecedented. And may I, Sir, also with all respect, suggest to you and to the House that, when the time comes for the passing of this Resolution let it be not done in the formal way by the raising of hands, but much more solemnly, by all of us standing up and thus taking this pledge anew.


He further prayed for an appropriate writ or order to issue kesavanxnda the pendency of the petition. There is nothing in the language of Kesavanandda 29 4 to indicate any limitations on the power of the Ceylon Parliament. Subject to the provisions of this Chapter, trade, commerce and intercourse throughout the territory of India shall be free Article State of Kerala A. When the Constituent Assembly has completed its labours, His Majesty’s Government will recommend to Parliament such action as may be necessary for the cession bharaati sovereignty to the Indian people, subject only to two kessvananda which are mentioned bgarati the statement and which are not, we believe, controversial, namely, adequate provision for the kesavananca of minorities and willingness to conclude a treaty to cover matters arising out of the transfer of power.

The fundamental rights were considered of such importance that right was given to an aggrieved person to move the highest court of the land, i. Fourthly, in any case Article is a complete code in itself and does not provide for any amendment being made in the bill after it has been introduced in the House. This doctrine implies that though Parliament has the prerogative to amend the entire Constitution but subject to the condition that they cannot in any manner interfere with the features so fundamental to this Constitution that without them it would be spiritless.

Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law. Seervai referred to the passage from the speech of Lord Normand, at p. The question, then, is one of construction and in the ultimate resort must be determined upon tht actual words used, read not in vacuo but as occurring in a single complex instrument, in which one part may throw light on another.

The words of the Judicial Committee in Ranasinghe’s case, are apposite and pregnant. Sri Swamiji is a patron of education, Kannada culture and arts, including Yakshaganamusic and dramas. In other words, the expression “Amendment of this Constitution” does not include a revision of the whole Constitution. They have at least an educative value.


Held that the Constitution of India which is essentially a social rather than a political document, is founded on a social philosophy and as such has two main features basic and circumstantial. Here, the comprehensive expression “repeal or amend” gives power to have a completely new Act different from an existing act of Parliament.

Mukherjee and Yeshwant Vishnu Chandrachud. Indian constitutional case law in case law in India Supreme Court of India cases Constitutional law. Having dealt with the question of fundamental rights for minorities, the Ztate Sub-Committee met again on July 21, keavananda, to consider the political safeguards for minorities and their presentation in the public services.


The view that Article is a complete code in itself in respect of the procedure provided by it and does not contemplate any amendment of a Bill for amendment of the Constitution after it has been introduced, and that if the Bill is amended during its passage through the House, the Amendment Act cannot be said to have been passed in conformity with the procedure prescribed by Article and would be invalid, is erroneous.

Whereas the minority opinions were written by A. Stage some parts they have clearly a narrow meaning. For the time being I assume that in Article 13 2 the word “law” includes Constitutional amendment.

In kesavnanda meantime the process of merger and integration of Indian States had been completed and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was able to tell the Constituent Assembly on October 12,that the new Constitution was “not an byarati between democracies and dynasties, but a real union of the Indian people, built on the basic concept of the sovereignty of the people Shiva Rao’s-Framing of India’s Constitution-A study-pp.

Since such alterations, even if express, can only be made by laws which comply with the special legislative procedure laid down in Section 29 4the Ceylon legislature has not got the general power to legislate so as to amend its Constitution by ordinary majority resolutions, such as the Queensland legislature was found to have under Section 2 of its Constitution Actbut is rather in the position, for effecting such amendments, that that legislature was held to be in by virtue of its Section 9namely, compelled to operate a special procedure in order to achieve the desired result.

The first is Article 31 4. In Article 5″all regulations made under the proviso to Clause 3 ” can be modified “whether by way of repeal or amendment” as both Houses of Parliament or the House or both Houses of the Legislature of the States may make during the session in which they are so laid. The judge Constitutional bench of the Supreme Court deliberated on the limitations, if any, of the powers of the elected representatives of the people and the nature of fundamental rights of an individual.

The Commonwealth 71 C. They claim that democracy can even be replaced and one-party rule established.