Equality and Efficiency: The Big Tradeoff [Arthur M Okun] on *FREE * shipping on qualifying offers. Book by Arthur M Okun. Equality and Efficiency: The Big Tradeoff (A Brookings Classic) [Arthur M. Okun, Lawrence H. Summers] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Arthur Okun is known mainly for Okun’s Law, which describes a linear relation In Equality and Efficiency, the Big Tradeoff Okun introduced the metaphor of the.

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The pattern in Chart 1—which shows the level of real after-inflation per capita income in two advanced effficiency, the United Kingdom and the United States—is consistent with this idea. Our statistical model of growth duration suggests that the risk that the growth spell would end in was very high—more than times higher than would be typical for a country enjoying a growth spell.

Do these statistical results find a voice in the political and economic narratives of the actual country growth episodes? However, it probably led to some increased inequality among farmers, and efforts to resist this component of inequality would likely have been counterproductive Chaudhuri and Ravallion, This was my feeling at the end of the book- Capitalism is by far the most superior economic system we have.

Please try again later. Income distribution and growth sustainability In our research we looked at the extent to which the duration of a growth episode is related to differences in country characteristics and policies. We study growth spells as medical researchers might examine life expectancy. Sheds considerable light on At the level of simple correlation, more inequality seems associated with less sustained growth. The experiences in developing and emerging economies, however, are far more varied see Chart 2.

To compare the effects of the different variables on growth duration, we calculate expected duration when all the variables are at their median values the value greater than that observed in 50 percent of the observations in the sample. ComiXology Thousands of Digital Comics. In the face of the current global economic turmoil and the need for difficult economic adjustment and reform in many countries, it would be better if these lessons were remembered rather than relearned.


Bring Back the Bureaucrats: See all 21 reviews. Remarkably, inequality retains its statistical and economic significance even when we include many potential determinants at the same time, a claim that we cannot make for many of the conventional determinants of good growth performance, such as the quality of institutions and trade openness. They study the effects of age, weight, gender, and smoking habits on life expectancy; we look at whether factors such as political institutions, health and education, macroeconomic instability, debt, and trade openness might influence the likelihood that a growth spell will end.

Even the poorest of countries have managed to get growth going for several years, only to see it peter out. References Berg, Andrew, and Jonathan D. Do societies inevitably face an invidious choice between efficient production and equitable wealth and income distribution? To his fellow economists, Okun presents messages, in the form of additional comments and select citations, in his footnotes.

Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. Ostry PDF version Is there a trade-off between the two or do they go hand in hand? We argue that income distribution may also—and independently—belong in this pantheon of critical determinants of growth duration. This would show the world that we can create incredible amounts of wealth and use the excess to lift up the financially down trodden. Learn more about Amazon Giveaway. English Choose a language for shopping.

The late Yale University and Brookings Institution economist said that not only can more equal distribution of incomes reduce incentives to work and invest, but the efforts to redistribute—through such mechanisms as the tax code and minimum wages—can themselves be costly. Granting that this was written before behavioral economics took off, the book omits almost entirely any influence of human nature affecting the policies he proposes.


Balanced, insightful, more relevant than ever more than 40 years later. Growth averaged 7 percent from through That experience brought home the fact that sustainable economic reform is possible only when its benefits are widely shared. Arthur Melvin Okun eauality widely considered among the most important macroeconomists of the twentieth century.


Receive emails when we post new items of interest to you. Customers who bought agthur item also bought. History has not been kind to some of his proposals in that regard.

Thank you for your feedback. We want the size of each of these increases to be readily comparable. Berg, Andrew, and Jonathan D. Share your thoughts with other customers. For example, the initial reforms that ignited growth in China involved giving stronger efficjency to farmers.

Finance & Development, September – Equality and Efficiency

In fact equality appears to be an important ingredient in promoting and sustaining growth. In the s he served as a arthr economist, member, and, finally, as chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers in the Kennedy and Johnson administrations. The Big Tradeoff Washington: The immediate role for policy, however, is less clear.

The Big Tradeoff by Arthur M. Subscribe or Modify your profile. Buy the selected items together This item: About the Author Arthur Melvin Okun is widely considered among the most important arhtur of the twentieth century. Today, Okun’s dual theme feels incredibly prescient as we grapple with the hot-button topic of income inequality. Was rather hoping for a more spirited point-of-view than this highly-academic elucidation of the issue.

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With a new foreword by Lawrence H. The Big Tradeoffwith its difficult questions about arhhur uneasy relationship between capitalism and democracy, is most certainly Okun’s masterwork.

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