A suicide bag, also known as an exit bag or hood, is a euthanasia device consisting of a large plastic bag with a drawcord used to commit suicide through inert gas asphyxiation. It is usually used in conjunction with a flow of an inert gas like helium or Self-administered and assisted suicides by asphyxiation using a plastic bag. Asphyxial suicide by placing a plastic bag over the head, especially in combination with inhalation of gases, is a rarely described method of committing suicide. Suicide by helium inhalation inside a plastic bag has recently been publicized by right-to-die proponents in “how to” print and videotape.

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A rise in carbon dioxide concentration caused by the inability to inhale fresh gas will cause a strong reflex to breathe, accompanied by increasing distress as the level rises, culminating in panic and desperate struggle for air. Plastic bag asphyxia–a case report. The effect of contamination of the inert gas by air or other source of oxygen is to reduce the effects of oxygen loss and the person exposed may feel weak, tired and hhelium, but without a strong urge to breathe or the associated respiratory distress.

Rights of the Terminally Ill Act Australia. Ogden Death studies Lower concentrations may cause confusion and weakness. Assessment of risk Crisis hotline list Intervention Prevention Suicide watch. Propane has low toxicity since it is not readily absorbed and is not biologically active.


Suffocation using plastic bags: If the supplied breathing gas is free of carbon dioxide, the blood carbon dioxide levels will remain low while breathing occurs, and there will be no distress or urge to increase breathing rate, as the sensitivity in normal people to blood oxygen level as a breathing stimulus is very low.

Asphyxial suicide with helium and a plastic bag. – Semantic Scholar

Archived from the original on 21 August The danger lies in that they are undetectable by human senses, and the first warning of their presence in asphyxiant concentrations may be loss of consciousness. The Peaceful Pill Handbook. Suicide bags have been used with gases other than inert gases, with varying outcomes. InLudwig Minellifounder of Dignitasfilmed four people committing suicide by helium inhalation. Exit International US Bzg. Helium and nitrogen are non toxic and can be breathed with no ill effects over short or long term when oxygen levels are sufficient, apshyxial present no health risk to third parties except asphyxiation.

Selling suicide bags is prohibited in some places. Suicide bags were first used during the s. Examples of other gases used are propane – butane[37] which has narcotic effects, [38] and is commonly adulterated with strong smelling additives to warn of gas leaks, and natural gas.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Asphyxial suicide by inhalation of helium inside a plastic bag.

Suicide by asphyxiation due to helium inhalation. Archived from the original on 16 March Suffocation caused by plastic wrap covering the face combined with nitrous oxide inhalation. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. The suicide bag with inert gas method was originally developed by John Hofsess and the NuTech group, which consisted of Hofsess, Derek Humphryengineers and physicians. Journal of Affective Disorders.


Suicide bag

Showing of 11 extracted citations. This page was last edited on 25 Novemberat However, he said that he has no way of knowing if the method was being used by people with terminal illness or by people who are mentally ill.

Retrieved 27 July Hamilton and Hardy’s Industrial Toxicology 6, reprint ed. Since the s, guides have spread on the internet, in print and on video and the frequency of suicides by this method has increased.

Banzai charge Kamikaze Suicide attack Suicide mission.

Canadian right-to-die advocates stopped shipping suicide bags to Australia inwhen the Australian government announced that it would review their importation. Part of a series on. Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol. This sith will remain if the person is free to breathe but the available air has a high carbon dioxide content. Srp Arh Celok Lek.