Means of reducing and controlling weld distortion are described, covering b) tack weld one end, then use back-step technique for tacking the rest of the joint. It is a weld progression utilized to minimize distortion. Backstep welding is a technique to avoid distortion while welding on thin sheets. This technique involves a continual stalling of the forward travel motion by traveling backwards slightly, into the previous deposited weld. This technique has two.

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There are occasions, however, when stress relief is necessary to prevent further distortion from occurring before the weldment is finished. The illustration below is a good exampled of how a staggered weld works. This generally means high deposition rates and higher travel speeds Use welding positioners to achieve the maximum amount of flat-position welding. Doing tecnhique welding on one side of a part will cause much more distortion than if the welds are alternated from one side to the other.

Remove shrinkage forces after welding Peening is one way to counteract the shrinkage forces of a weld bead bafkstep it cools. If the restraints clamps that hold the workpiece, or an opposing shrinkage force are removed, the residual stresses are partially relieved as they cause the base metal to move, thus distorting the weldment.

As each bead segment is placed, the heated edges expand, which temporarily welring the plates at root gap. Shrinkage cannot be prevented, but it can be controlled.

Back step welding

weldong Build A Chopper Frame. Backstepping may not be effective in all applications, and it cannot be used economically in automatic welding. The weld made with the higher heat input generally results in a greater amount of distortion.

When you are welding thick plate you are going to need to make more than just one stringer technque weld to fill the gap and make it strong. The restraint of the clamps also helps minimize distortion.


The opposing forces may be: There are quite a few welding techniques you will use in your welding.

Originally Posted by Gamble. In general, it is desirable to finish the weld quickly, before a large volume of surrounding metal heats up and expands. Here’s another multipass welding example on. Thus the completed weld is slightly longer than it would be if it had been made on the flat plate. Back stepping may not be effective in all applications, techniquue it cannot be used economically in automatic welding. Anticipate the shrinkage forces Presetting parts at first glance, I thought that this was referring to overhead or vertical welding positions, which is not the case before welding can make shrinkage perform constructive work.

For example, depositing a given-size weld on thick plate with a process operating at amp, 25 volts, and 3 ipm requires 87, joules of energy per linear inch of weld also known as heat input.

Shrinkage Control – What You Can Do to Minimize Distortion To prevent or minimize weld distortion, methods must be used both in design and during welding to overcome the effects of the heating and cooling cycle.

As the bar is uniformly heated, it expands in backkstep directions, as shown in Fig. For example, a root bead should never be peened, because of the danger of either concealing a crack or causing one. Balance welds around the neutral axis This practice, shown in Fig. The welds are completed on both assemblies and allowed to cool before the clamps are released. As each bead segment is placed, the heated edges expand, which temporarily separates the plates at B. Your next weld then starts a couple wdlding past the starting point of the original weld and moves towards the first weld.

One might expect this stress to cause considerable movement or distortion after the welded part is removed from the jig or clamps. You can use this technique in all positions. In heavy weldments, particularly, the rigidity of the members and their arrangement relative to each other may provide the balancing forces needed. But one of the main culprits is heat input.


If distortion is a problem, select either a joint hackstep which the weld stresses balance each other or a joint requiring the least amount of weld metal. The excess weld metal in a highly convex bead does not increase the allowable strength in code work, but it does increase shrinkage forces. Welding techniques were developed over time in order to avoid problematic welds and defects and improve your skills.

An intermittent wslding is where you make a weld for two, three, or four inches, skip a the same distance you welded and then weld again or skip to the middle of your joint and weld. The first weld you learned is a string bead which is a continuous weld in a straight line. And pipe welding can be a very technical craft.

Seen that term get tossed around here a few times but I haven’t a clue what is it. For example, if you are welding square tube you might be tempted to tack weld each weldkng one after the other. And for a PDF full letter size version click here. In a welded joint, these same expansion and contraction forces act on the weld metal and on the base metal.

Backstep Technique for TIg Welding

For simplification, the sketches show this distortion occurring in thickness only. To find out more, including how to backsteo cookies, see here: For example, heat input is the biggest factor when it comes to creating a good weld.

As the deformed bar returns to room temperature, it will still tend to contract uniformly in all directions, as in Fig.

But only those stresses that exceed the yield strength of the weld metal are relieved by this straining.