BURIGANGA RIVER POLLUTION PDF

Pollution From Waste: Buriganga water shows signs of improvement With all the previous efforts to save Buriganga river going in vain, Dhaka South City. The impossible task of cleaning the Buriganga river Result: the water is so polluted that no fish can survive there. At the beginning of January. Shehzad Noorani explores how the extreme pollution of the Buriganga River in Dhaka, Bangladesh, impacts those who make their homes and living on the river.

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Most industries do not have any treatment facility at all while others that do, do not operate them regularly. Buriganga River Dredging Operations.

All along the banks, I saw children playing often under drainage outlets or even in the water. Photo posted by Osmini Pollutkon on Flickr.

The impossible task of cleaning the Buriganga river

Land encroachers have created illegal structures, including houses, bazaarsghats and brick kilns in the riverbed, that has hampered the flow of the river. About the middle of the 19th century the main volume of the channel flowed through this southern channel, which came to be known as Kirtinasa.

The aim of this clean-up is not only to make the water fit for drinking again, but also to ensure that the river can be used by vendors and tourists. For this some steps are necessary.

The government has been criticised for its inability or unwillingness to stop the industrial units of the city from releasing untreated waste into the water. There has been no integrated and coordinated initiative. Sharif Jamil, another activist based in Dhaka, says the community needs to be involved right from the first stage of observations, data-collection and holding public meetings on the riverbank.

The course of the Padmaas the main course of the Ganges is known in Bangladesh, changed considerably during the period to AD. The wastewater from these industries flows out through khals natural canals into the river.

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Frequent monsoons and flooding that erodes riparian banks as well as land grabbing for development are big problems for this river. The Sadarghat Launch Terminal, one of the largest river ports in the world, also contributes to the pollution.

In addition to its potential use as a source of energy, the stems of water hyacinths can be used to make rope, furniture, paper, and as a source of natural fibers https: When this course gradually shifted and ultimately lost its link with the main channel of the Ganges it was renamed the Buriganga.

The Observers Photojournalist See profile. It also might help provide a healthier environment for residents—especially children.

Gradually the Padma adopted its present course. Experts feel that with a focus on integrated approach, various government departments must come together to save the river. The water of this river is now so polluted that all fish have died, and increasing filth and human waste have turned it like a black gel.

It is said that the water levels during high and very high tides in this river astonished the Mughals. The government recently initiated a move to relocate the tanneries outside the capital, and also asked illegal encroachers to vacate the river.

Some smaller ones still operate buriagnga the river clandestinely and the government has not done much to shut them down. These include collecting data and presenting briganga at public meetings to build up a campaign. Environmentalists also want tanneries to be moved away from the river and sewage to be diverted to treatment plants.

The river runs black: pollution from Bangladesh’s tanneries – in pictures

Eco friendly kilns are beginning to be built, but banks are often unwilling to make loans to smaller brick making companies http: The city of Dhaka discharges about 4, tons pollufion solid waste every day and most of it is released into the Buriganga. The cost of this programme, financed by the environment ministry, comes to over 2. During a Renewable Energy Meeting that I attended while I was in Dhaka, scientists discussed how biomass waste could be used as an energy source.

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Because, the main source of drinking water of people of Dhaka is Buriganga River. But as it flows through the capital, waste from sewers and factories — especially tanneries — pour into it.

Retrieved 22 February Portuguese Bengala British Bengal: The only sewage treatment plant for Dhaka at Pagla in Narayangonj, managed by WASA, can treat pollutoon 10 per cent of the city’s wastewater. When hyacinths cover too much of the surface of the water, they block out all light and reduce oxygen levels.

These causes are dividedbroadly in two divisions, namelya. Since riber of the waste is not collected by the city, it ends up in the river water, where a good many factories also discharge their chemical waste. The reality is that, the river, now, has become a dumping ground of kinds of solid, liquid and chemical waste.

The major portion of water pollution of Buriganga river pollutipn by man-made causes. It is difficult to trace accurately the various channels through which it flowed, but the probability is that it flowed past Rampur Boaliathrough Chalan Beelthe Dhaleshwari and Buriganga rivers, past Dhaka into the Polllution estuary.

Bricklayers Balancing Bricks, Buriganga River. Sewage is also released into the Buriganga. In the 20th century the water table and river became polluted by polythenes and other hazardous substances from demolished buildings near the river banks. The river was also the city’s main source of drinking water.

Both Khan and Gain warned that unless the government implemented the plan quickly the river would be as good as dead in three years. Pollutionn project will be in vain if the authorities do not try to educate the inhabitants.

And effluent of industries must be treated and monitored sincerely before throwing it to water body.