CHINA IN WORLD HISTORY PAUL ROPP PDF

Historian Paul Ropp combines vivid story-telling with astute analysis to shed light on some of the larger questions of Chinese history. What is. Historian Paul Ropp combines vivid story-telling with astute analysis to shed light today, and have colored China’s perception of its own place in world history. Paul S. Ropp. China in World History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, xvi + pp. $ (cloth), ISBN ; $ (paper), ISBN.

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He raised state revenues very substantially by establishing central-gov- ernment-run monopolies on the production of salt, iron, copper, bronze, and alcohol.

Thus, The Formative Age written Chinese, rooted in the Shang dynasty, has been a powerful uni- fying force throughout the long political history of China, helping to unite north and south, east and west, in one political system. Despite her subordinate position as a woman, Ban Zhao matched the accomplishments of her brothers. It disrupted the economy, caused millions and millions of deaths and spread disease.

Yet other Han documents speak of cultivating long life hidtory attaining immortality by transcending the normal confines of biological death. When Sima defended a Han general unfairly accused of treason, he was sentenced to death or castration for the crime of insulting the emperor.

In bce, a young ambitious emperor, Han Wudi the Martial Emperortook the throne. The extent of Shang political power is not entirely clear, but archaeological finds have demonstrated that sophisticated bronze tech- nology was spread far and wide across much of what roppp know as China today. The chariot provided military leaders and archers with unprecedented speed and mobility.

Cultural continuity will thus be a major theme in ih history that follows.

This holistic worldview is evident in most Chinese approaches to ethics, cosmology, society, government, economics, medicine, and history. With ever greater investments in warfare, rulers began to recruit sol- diers and officials on the basis of their skill and organizational abilities rather than their noble birth.

The book that synthesized a variety of Legalist teachings into one systematic doc- trine was the Book of Han Feizi, a chilling set of calculations of raw power, traditionally attributed to Han Feizi Master Han Feia prince of the small state of Han in the third century bce.

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Catalogue Persistent Identifier https: The rich fer- ment of ideas in the Warring States period was not as clearly divided into “schools” as later divisions between Confucians and Daoists and Legalists would suggest. All of this turmoil at the court only intensified the weakness of the Han central government, as military leaders in outlying regions paid less and less attention to their “superiors” in the capital, and wealthy families found more and more ways to avoid taxation.

The school’s most original teaching was its call for “univer- sal love,” in which every adult bore equal responsibility for every child.

China in World History – Paul S. Ropp – Google Books

Also, Ropp knows how to entertain the reader by providing salient details and stories about several historical figures. An historg and sophisticated Chinese culture emerged by bce and has shown remarkable continuity in its language, cul- tural values, and social and political organization over the past three and a half cgina. Also, there is very little about the bordering civilizations. Scholars are still debating the many possible symbolic mean- ings of the banner, a task made more difficult by the wide variety of practices and beliefs about the dead expressed in Han writings.

Despite contrasts in their approaches and ideas, they respectively laid the intellectual foundations for great new empires in Persia, India, China, Greece, and Rome. Why was China, alone among the early human civilizations, able to sustain political, cultural, and linguistic unity and continuity over an entire subcontinent through a period of three thousand years without the benefit of modern indus- trial technology?

Again, another push against a stereotype.

China in World History

To flee the bloodshed and chaos in north China following the Han dynasty collapse, more chinx two million people, including many of the north’s wealthiest families, fled to the Yangzi River valley, where they attempted, with little success, to set up an effective central government with a military strong enough to reunify the country. Such cast bronze vessels, used by royal families wrld in sacrifices to ancestral spirits, required the large-scale mining of copper, pahl, and lead, smelting the ores at 1 degrees centigrade, and the design of complex negative molds in clay.

Thus she could assure a good reputation for herself and her family. In contrast to the idealistic Mencius, Xunzi, a slightly later fol- lower of Confucius, actually served as a government administrator. Officials were recruited through a system of recommendation by people already work- ing in the government, but all officials were required to study the texts of Confucianism. Today we think of China as the world’s oldest continuous civili- zation.

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China in world history / Paul S. Ropp | National Library of Australia

It makes comparisons and finds similarities. In the later Han, the two most powerful groups around the throne were the imperial eunuchs and the families of empresses. They praise King Wen the Cultured King for his blueprint for the Zhou conquest and for creating hisotry Zhou ideal of the compassionate ruler concerned for the people’s welfare. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Each worm, about four or five inches long at maturity, then spins a cocoon of a silk thread about one mile in length and as fine as a spider’s web.

Vhina in bce, Kongzi, whom we know as Confucius, 5 deplored these changes and called upon rulers to return to the beliefs and practices of the early Zhou. The eastern Eurasian subcontinent forms a kind of ropo of mountain ranges running north to south and east to west, surrounded by steppe lands, deserts, and mountains. When Confucius in the fifth century bce praised filial piety as the foundation of all moral virtues, he was affirming values that were already centuries old. By far the most successful and influential school of thought during the Warring States period was the Legalist School fajia.

Interregional and wordl trade expanded, and along with these came a thriving money economy. Choose your country or region Close. When I started this book, I wasn’t too sure about reading a book on Chinese history. Under the protection of Chinese forces in its western hinterlands, trade flourished along a whole network of routes through central Asia that became known collectively in the nineteenth century as the Silk Roads.