aBsTRacT. INTRODUCTION: The Constant Score (CS), developed as a . centimetre “paper” visual scale both for pain and for .. Constant CR, Murley AHG. Home / Free online Constant Shoulder Score calculator The Constant-Murley score contains both physician-completed and patient-reported portions. The four . : Datum: Constant-Murley Scale. Schoudergewricht. Datum. ______. ______. ______. Pijn. – geen. – mild. ______.

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Finally, a score modification, adjusting for age and sex was proposed [ 13 ].

This statistic does not capture systematic score differences and cannot be considered an appropriate reproducibility measure [ 33 mirley. The score consists of four variables that are used to assess the function of the shoulder.

Night sleep is assessed as: Scsle of six outcome assessment instruments in total shoulder arthroplasty. Pain and ADL are answered by the patient; ROM and strength require a physical evaluation and are answered by the orthopaedic surgeon or the physiotherapist [ 1 ].

Constant Shoulder Score – Orthopaedic Scores

The European Society of shoulder and elbow surgery ESSE promotes the Constant-Murley score for a comprehensive and comparable assessment of shoulder function. Active, pain-free range of elevation: At this point, it is relevant to mention that subacromial pathology was the most frequent shoulder condition in consfant various articles regarding pathologies.

In mkrley latest publication a VAS was suggested for both questions [ 13 ], while the score range of the other two would remain the same.

Eleven shoulder PRO consstant have also been evaluated with this tool [ 18 ]. B [11] Studies showed that standardization of the items significantly improve the interobserver reliability and the intraobserver reliability of the Constant-Murley shoulder test. In this article we would discuss some common terms in relation to hand injuries and anatomy.


Elevation degrees are measured with a goniometer in a seated position and scores range from: It assesses the concept and measurement model of a scale as well as the attributes of reliability, validity and responsiveness to change, among others; and it has been previously used in the evaluation of different PRO scales [ 18 — 20 ]. The average value in pounds is noted.

Constant-Murley Shoulder Outcome Score – Physiopedia

The American Journal of Sports Medicine. The CMS use is advisable for patients with subacromial pathology. The subjective part of the test can be completed by the murrley himself. Instability presented the lowest value of The first two items were originally scored as: Subacromial pathology was the only one with an acceptable respondent burden.

Level of evidence Systematic review.

The articles on which the standardized evaluations were based are presented in Online Appendix 2. Review articles on specific shoulder pathologies were not evaluated scals se, but were given to the evaluators for consideration and possible identification of further references on relevant data.

Free online Constant Shoulder Score calculator

If the pain is involved the patient gets 0 points. The Constant-Murley shoulder test is a valid instrument for health status and is useful for patients with various upper extremity symptoms; it is sensitive enough to notice small changes. The systematic literature search identified unique titles, of those were excluded, for not being related to the studied topic. Scores and strength of the Constant-Murley test are age related, both will decrease as the patient is older.


murleh Shoulder instability can lead to luxation episodes and severe pain, reducing overall function, but these characteristics are not constantly present, which is why the CMS cannot properly assess this particular condition. There is need for further improvement in the way this score is cinstant, reported and interpreted.

It is thus likely that the evaluations of this very group may have been affected by this fact. Our results support the convergent validity of the scale, with the exception of frozen shoulder, but disagree with the generalizability of the other two statements.

Constant-Murley Shoulder Outcome Score

When one uses the original values to calculate the relative Constant score, one may overestimate the shoulder function in women older than 40 years and men over 60 years. As far as the attribute of interpretability was concerned, within the individual pathology groups, the highest score was Responsiveness constany change and administrative burden were the only two attributes with acceptable estimations for arthritis.

The CMS scale assesses four aspects related to shoulder pathology; two subjective: The subjective components can scae up to 35 points and the objective 65, resulting in a possible maximum total score of points best function.