PDF | Phytochemical studies on the aerial parts of Prangos uloptera, an endemic Iranian species of the genus Prangos, yielded five coumarins. Keywords: Prangos uloptera, Apiaceae, Umbelliferae, coumarin, Umbelliferae) is an endemic Iranian species of the genus Prangos that comprises ca. Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of coumarins from the roots of Ferulago campestris (Apiaceae). Basile A(1), Sorbo S, Spadaro V, Bruno.

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Efficacy of 8-methoxypsoralen vs.

Coumarins from the aerial parts of Prangos uloptera (Apiaceae)

Coumarins from umbels of Prangos pabularia Lind. Effects of osthol on blood pressure and lipid metabolism in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. J Essent Oil Res Angelica sinensis — Dong Quai Legend has it that Angelica was so named because an angel revealed herself to a medieval European monk and taught him the medicinal virtues of Angelica. Flavone synthases are involved in in the formation of apigenin from naringenin.

Psoralen compounds in fennel seeds inhibit human liver cytochrome P enzyme activity. The aerial parts of Prangos uloptera DC.

Protective effect of Foeniculum vulgare essential oil and anethole in an experimental model of thrombosis. Malondialdehyde levels decreased in alchohol fed groups and glutathione peroxidase levels decreased in the high fat groups, all indicated inmproved antioxidant and anti-inflammatory hepatoprotective activity from osthole.

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Due to toxicity concerns, pure coumarins have been banned as a food additive for over 50 years in the US. These infloresences may hold themselves in a shape quite spherical, a shape that is broad and disk-like, an umbel with a flat top, an umbel with a rounded top, or as an umbel with a sphere on the tip of each ray. Therefore, the Umbells are not fiery, are not earthy, and are not particularly watery. How to cite this article. Angelica may reduce nociceptive pain by affecting nervous activity.


Drop dosages or homeopathic preparations of Conium may stimulate the vestibular, ocular, and acousticocortical system in a manner which normalizes apiaveae and improves tinnitus and vertigo in the elderly. Khellin, Visnagin and visdadin are all noted to have vasodilating effects due to smooth muscle relaxation. J Enzyme Inhib Med Apiaxeae. Ewes grazing on large amounts of Trifolium have been noted to frequently develop uterine fibroids and abnormal estrus, while rams develop low sperm counts and reduce fertility.

The ripe seeds of the wild carrot were reportedly used by Native American peoples as an agent to reduce fertility.

Apiaceae – Wikipedia

Effects of osthol on androgen level and nitric oxide synthase activity in castrate rats. Preparation of plant extracts The dried and ground aerial parts of P. Other investigations report that Centella promotes granular tissue, the strength of the granular tissue and hydroxyproline content is both normal situations and steroid-suppressed healing response.

Osthole has also been shown to have numerous vascular effects, hepatoprotective effects, hormonal effects and immune-enhancing and anti cancer effects. Effects of visnadine on rat isolated vascular smooth muscles. The more complex molecules include the dicoumarols, the alflatoxins, and the psoralens, all having strong and potentially toxic physiologic effects. Phototoxic coumarins in limes. Effect of celery Apium graveolens extracts on some biochemical parameters of oxidative stress in mice treated with carbon tetrachloride.

When the content of coniine is high, ingestion may be fatal due to respiratory failure and paralysis of the motor nerves, which lead to coma and death.

Crotonic acid is credited with these herbicidal effects.

Beneficial effects of Foeniculum vulgare on ethanol-induced acute gastric mucosal injury in rats. J Ocul Pharmacol Couarin. Cnidium might be considered in formulas for impotence because studies have shown vasodilating effects in the penis.


Suksdorfin from Lomatium suksdorfii has been shown to have anti HIV activity. Petroselinum crispum — Parsley Petroselinum is among the vegetables with the highest content of polyphenols, well known anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant compounds in plants. Apium graveolans is noted to reduce cholesterol without interfering with general metabolism of hepatic sterols.

There are no stipules but the petioles are frequently sheathing and the leaves may be coumarib.

Investigation of intracellular signalling events mediating the mechanism of action of 7-hydroxycoumarin and 6-nitrohdroxycoumarin in human renal cells. Research into how estrogens and adrogens might activate cholinergic activity is underway. Penetration kinetics of xanthotoxin across human skin and stratum corneum.

Simpson 20 July Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. Effects of visnagin on cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases and their role in its inhibitory effects on vascular smooth muscle contraction. The black swallowtail butterfly, Papilio polyxenesuses the Apiaceae family for food and host plants for oviposition.

Other coumarins, as discussed in this document posess valuable vascular effects including hypotensive action and improvement in blood lipids. Within the genus Prangosprangenin 2 occurs in a number of species, including P.

Inhibition of cAMP phosphodiesterase by some phototherapeutic agents. Chromatographic analyses of the n -hexane extract of the aerial parts of P.

The essential oils obtained from the umbels of this species have recently been shown to contain various xpiaceae compounds Nazemieyh et al. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. Furanochromones — are structurally related compounds have photoactivity.

The experiment was performed in duplicate and the average absorption was noted for each concentration.