DEFINISI TETRALOGI FALLOT PDF

Definisi Tetralogi fallot (TF) adalah kelainan jantung dengan gangguan sianosis yang ditandai dengan kombinasi 4 hal yang abnormal meliputi. Tetralogy of Fallot is a congenital cardiac malformation that consists of an interventricular communication, also known as a ventricular septal defect, obstruction. BAB II TETRALOGY OF FALLOT A. REVIEW ANATOMI FISIOLOGI JANTUNG Kelainan sianotik memiliki pengertian bahwa bayi mempunyai.

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Intoleransi aktifitas berhubungan dengan ketidakseimbangan suplai dan kebutuhan oksigen f. Perbedaan ini terjadi karena pada sirkulasi darah fetal masih berhubungan dengan plasenta sebagai sumber oksigen dan nutrisi fetus.

Analgesics — These agents reduce ventilatory drive. Patients who require such an infusion will most likely require surgical intervention prior to discharge from the hospital.

American Journal of Cardiology. Dexter ke pulmo Do: Pemeriksaan laboratorium Ditemukan adanya peningkatan hemoglobin Hb dan hematokrit Ht akibat saturasi oksigen yang rendah. In the absence of randomised control trials, assessing the risk and benefits of the two surgical strategies has been notoriously difficult. Third, tetralog origin of the aorta is shifted toward the right side of the heart from the left.

The most common type of aorto-pulmonary shunt is known as the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt. Once the lesion is suspected, an electrocardiogram and chest radiograph should be performed. Predictors of developmental disabilities after open heart surgery in young children with congenital heart defects. Berikan istirahat dan aktivitas progresif yang direncanakan. Abses otak juga umum terjadi pada anak dengan congenital heart disease.

Tetralogi Fallot – Bahan – [DOC Document]

TOF frequently is associated with the following: Hypercyanotic hipoksia, “blue spell” atau “tet” spell Merupakan masalah khusus yang biasanya terjadi selama 1 tahun 2 kehidupan. Pembatasan pola makan 6. Anatomi dan sirkulasi jantung Jantung manusia terdiri dari empat ruang.

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Study of Rate of evaporation of liquids Chemistry Project to study the evaporation rate of liquids. Good dental hygiene Endocarditis prophylaxis Arrhythmia prophylaxis may be warranted. falloh

Residual right ventricular dysfunction from hypoplastic pulmonary arteries or conduit stenosis Cyanosis, hypoxemia, and polycythemia Atrioventricular conduction abnormalities, right bundle branch block, ventricular arrhythmias in the postoperative patients Significant pulmonic valve regurgitationPrognosis: Natal a, Tempat tallot Impact of cyanotic heart disease on school performance. The size of the ventricular septal defect can vary, but in almost all instances, the interventricular communication is unrestrictive, allowing for bidirectional shunting [ 6 ].

Selera makan Baik Sulit makan 2.

Tetralogi Fallot – Bahan

Chromosome 22q11 deletions in patients with conotruncal defects. Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation.

Mendeteksi adanya penurunan saturasi oksigen, peningkatan tekanan ventrikel kanan, dengan tekanan pulmonalis normal atau rendah. Right-to-left shunting that bypasses the filtering of pulmonary capillaries is associated with a higher incidence of systemic infection such as a brain abscess. If significantly cyanotic at birth, most centres still opt for initial palliation rather than complete repair in these patients. In newborns with tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve, surgical repair may be required prior to initial discharge from hospital if obstruction to the airways is a prominent symptom.

This will theoretically increase intracardiac shunting from left-to-right across the interventricular communication, as well as increase the preload of the right ventricle. Straddling and overriding atrioventricular valves morphology and classification. Infobox medical condition All stub articles. Background La Maladie Bleue, as described by Louis Arthur Etienne Fallot in [ 1 ], is the clinical description of the physiology created by a combination of anatomic malformations now referred to as tetralogy of Fallot.

In addition, this condition is also sometimes associated with other anatomical analomies, such as: ETIOLOGI Faktor penyebab tetralogy of fallot pada dasarnya tidak diketahui, sebagian besar diperkirakan merupakan interaksi kompleks antara genetic dan faktor lingkungan Wongs, Increased cardiac output and increased peripheral resistance increase blood pressure. Long-term behavior and quality of life after corrective cardiac surgery in infancy for tetralogy of Fallot or ventricular septal defect.

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Wide variation exists in the basic anatomic morphology, pathophysiology, clinical signs and symptoms, and surgical methods of therapy. Diagnosa keperawatan pre operatif: As the strategies for surgical and medical management have progressed, the morbidity and mortality of those born with tetralogy of Fallot in the current era is expected to be significantly improved.

Penurunan aliran darah paru yang berkepanjangan dapat menyebabkan hipoksia sistemik berat dan asidosis metabolik. Tujuan utama pembedahan adalah untuk mengembalikan aliran darah ke paru-paru sehingga dapat menurunkan hipoksia. The development of right ventricular hypertrophy is a result of progressive right heart failure arising from this combination, and can be minimized or even averted by early surgical repair. An overriding aorta is a congenital heart defect where the aorta is positioned directly over a ventricular septal defect VSDinstead of over the left ventricle.

This consists of a communication between a subclavian and pulmonary artery on the same side. Untreated tetralogy of Fallot, over the long term, results in progressive right ventricular hypertrophy and dilatation due to the increased resistance on the right ventricle. Outcome after open-heart surgery in infants and children.

Cytogenetic analysis may demonstrate deletions of a segment of chromosome band 22q11 DiGeorge critical region.