En la clasificación de Dubost, la disección abdominal representa del 1 al 2% de todas las disecciones aórticas, cuadro clínico aún más infrecuente si excluimos. El presente documento pretende ser una guía para la orientación diagnóstica y el tratamiento médico inicial de la disección aórtica aguda, proximal o distal. RESUMEN. Introducción: La disección aórtica es una enfermedad de pronóstico muy reservado, con una elevada mortalidad, aun cuando se diagnostique.

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Ritter was initially misdiagnosed and subsequently treated for a heart attack. Due to the high-intensity magnetic diseeccion used during MRI, it is contraindicated in individuals with metallic implants. The risk of death is highest in the first two years after the acute event, and individuals should be followed closely during this time period.

The risk of death due to aortic dissection is highest in the first few hours diseccuon the dissection begins, and decreases afterward.

Aortic dissection – Wikipedia

An MRI examination of the aorta produces a three-dimensional reconstruction of the aorta, allowing the physician to determine the location of the intimal tear and the involvement of diseccuon vessels, and to locate any secondary tears. While it is not always clear why an intimal tear may occur, quite often it involves degeneration of the collagen and elastin that make up the media.

CiteScore measures average citations received per document published. The location of pain is associated with the location of the dissection. The risk of dissection in individuals with bicuspid aortic valve is not associated with the degree of stenosis of the valve.

SNIP measures contextual citation impact by wighting citations based on the total number of citations in a subject field. A measurement of blood D-dimer level may aotica useful in diagnostic evaluation. If there is high clinical suspicion, a more sensitive imaging test CT angiogramMR angiographyor transesophageal echo may be warranted. In the image to the left, the intimal flap can be seen separating the two lumens.


Aortic dissection is associated with hypertension high blood pressure and many connective tissue disorders. Arteriovenous fistula Arteriovenous malformation Telangiectasia Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia.

Another mechanism is that the dissection may extend into the aortic root and detach the aortic valve leaflets. Ritter rules are a compilation of reminders, symptoms, and risk factors designed to prevent the misdiagnosis of thoracic aortic dissection. Anterograde dissections may propagate all the way to diseccipn iliac bifurcation of the aorta, rupture the aortic wall, or recanalize into the intravascular lumen leading to a double-barrel aorta.

Separating the false lumen from the true lumen is a layer of intimal tissue zortica as the intimal flap. As blood flows down the false lumen, it may cause secondary tears in the intima. A TEE may be technically difficult to perform in individuals with esophageal strictures or varices. Multiple causes exist for AI in disccion setting of ascending aortic dissection. This can cause dilatation and weakening of the walls of the ascending aorta. This item has received. Chest radiography may demonstrate a change in the morphology of the thoracic aorta which can be seen in aortic dissection.

Se continuar a navegar, consideramos que aceita o seu uso. It may extend proximally closer to the heart or distally away from the heart or both. Disadvantages of TEE include the inability to visualize the distal ascending aorta the beginning of the aortic archand the descending abdominal aorta that lies below the stomach.

It categorizes the dissection based on where the original intimal tear is located and the extent of the dissection localized to either the ascending aorta or descending aorta or involves both the ascending and descending aorta.

It is a noninvasive test, does not require the use of iodinated contrast material, and can detect and quantitate the degree of aortic aortics. Common tests used to diagnose an aortic dissection diseccionn a CT scan of the chest with iodinated contrast material and a transesophageal echocardiogram.


SRJ is a prestige metric based on the idea that not all citations are the same. Aortoiliac occlusive disease Degos disease Erythromelalgia Fibromuscular dysplasia Raynaud’s phenomenon.

Aortic dissection

The initiating event aortics an aortic dissection is a tear in the intimal lining of the aorta. If the individual has managed to survive this window period, his prognosis is improved.

Contrast is injected and the scan performed using a bolus tracking method. In addition, many individuals experience claustrophobia while in the MRI scanning aorrtica. Because aortic dissection may present to the emergency room physician similar to a myocardial infarction, the physician must be disecciion to make the proper diagnosis prior to initiating treatment for myocardial infarction since the treatment regimen for myocardial infarction can be lethal to an individual presenting with aortic dissection.

Individuals with Marfan syndrome tend to have aneurysms of the aorta and are more prone to proximal dissections of the aorta. Archived from the original disedcion 9 May J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. Thoracic Aortic Disease Coalition. Vasodilators such as sodium nitroprusside can be considered for people with ongoing high blood pressure, but they should never be used alone, as they often stimulate a reflexive increase in the heart rate.

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Views Read Edit View history. Retrieved 6 January It is a relatively noninvasive test, requiring the individual to swallow the echocardiography probe. Concern should be increased in those with low blood pressure, neurological problems, and an unequal pulses.

Aortic dissection may be a late sequela of heart surgery. The intensity loudness of the murmur depends on the blood pressure and may be inaudible in the event of low blood pressure.