Echinochloa is a very widespread genus of plants in the grass family. Some of the species are Nakai – Pseudechinolaena polystachya; Echinochloa elephantipes – Panicum elephantipes; Echinochloa eruciformis – Brachiaria. Echinochloa polystachya (Kunth) Hitchc. Show All Show Tabs creeping river grass. Image of Echinochloa polystachya. General Information. Symbol: ECPO3. PSEUDECHINOLAENA polystachya (Kunth) Stapf [family POACEAE], in F.T.A. 9: (); Fl. Agrost. Congo Belge 2: 74 (); Ann. list grasses Ug.:
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A weed of seasonally flooded areas e.
Grows best in wet or seasonally flooded areas, where flooding can occur for 7—12 echjnochloa of the year. Introduced to northern Australia but not widespread.
Average daily liveweight gains of about 0. Grown in ponded pasture systems in subtropical Australia, in water up 2 m deep for short periods but normally to 1 m, to complement para grass Brachiaria mutica which will grow in water to 30 cm depth. The internodes are of equal length, and equal diameter.
These flower spikelets 4. Yield and nutritive value of tropical forages. Comparatively high nutritional value especially during the dry season when dryland grasses have matured into very low quality feed. Very tolerant of poor drainage. Aspects of nitrogen-utilization in Asiatic water buffalo pokystachya Zebu cattle. This page was last edited on 23 Mayat Link, Panicum spectabile Nees ex Trin.
Nitrate and nitrite poisoning German grass may cause nitrate and nitrite poisoning in cattle.
Weeds of Australia – Biosecurity Queensland Edition Fact Sheet
Echinochloa polystachya Kunth Hitchc. Upper floret lemma 4.
This plant is largely used as pasture for cattle in tropical America Sanchez-Villalobos et al. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it. Their life-span is about 34 days.
The most notable of these are Japanese millet E.
Fact sheet – Echinochloa polystachya
Webarchive template wayback links All articles with dead external links Evhinochloa with dead external links from January Articles with permanently dead external links Articles with ‘species’ microformats Commons category link from Wikidata Taxonbars with 20—24 taxon IDs.
The inflorescence is a panicle made out of dense, short and thick ascending racemes which bear almost sessile spikelets. Polystachyx on high-nitrate para grass Brachiaria mutica silage given to rabbits. Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value.
Echinochloa polystachya Kunth Hitchc. Collectively, the members of this genus are called barnyard grasses though this may also refer to E.
It is a summer growing species and it does not withstand frost. In Australia, its weed control management must be planned Hannan-Jones et al. From Polystzchya Delta, Venezuela. The leaf blades are flatenned, hairless i. In its native range, it forms dense highly productive stands. They consist of a leaf sheath, that partially encloses the stem, and a long and narrow i. Cereal and grass forages Forage plants. Link Panicum spectabile Nees ex Trin.
The leaves are linear, cm long x mm wide Hannan-Jones et al. In PhD dissertation, Dpt Agron. When not grown on purpose, these grasses may become a nuisance to farmers. They are unbranched and rigid, and long enough to polystahya flowing and rising water levels El Bassam, Spikelets 5—7 mm long, lanceolate. Supports high stocking rates with rotational grazing with day rest.
Aleman grass can no longer be recommended for new planting into wetland areas of Queensland, Australia. Cattle get access as seasonal flood levels recede. A revision of Echinochloa in the United States.
Native to swamps, lake shores and wet-lands. The Amity cultivar was introduced into Australia in the s to improve the productivity of ponded pastures. German grass Echinochloa polystachya. A native of tropical and sub-tropical America from south-eastern USA i.
Each of the seed-head branches i. Clinical signs of nitrate poisoning include anorexia, respiratory distress, teeth grinding, depression or hyperexcitability, tremors, abdominal contractions, salivation, nasal discharge, uncoordinated gait, cyanosis and recumbency. Agronomy Journal 93 1: There has been no evidence of viable seed ever being produced in Northern Territory, Australia. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances.
Plant and animal families Plant and animal species. A review of the environmental effects of ponded pasture systems. Seed yields and quality are very low. It is still cultivated in ponded pastures in this region. Aleman grass Echinochloa polystachya H.