Wikipedia. Instance of, disease, Designated intractable/rare diseases. Subclass of, hair disease, metal metabolism disorder. Menkes disease (MNK), also known as Menkes syndrome, is an X-linked recessive disorder caused by mutations in genes coding for the copper-transport . A number sign (#) is used with this entry because of evidence that Menkes disease is caused by mutation in the gene encoding Cu(2+)-transporting ATPase .

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Menkes disease

Radiological findings in the kinky-hair syndrome. Values obtained were the same as those previously reported for human fibroblasts established from patients with Menkes disease, but no significant differences were found between the alleles associated with survival and those associated with prenatal death.

This can lead to rupture or blockage of the arteries.

Copper histidinate is probably the form in which copper crosses the blood-brain barrier Hartter and Barnea, They suggested that presence of voluntary traction on these hyperlax tendons attached to the skull could then have provoked calcification of the occipital tendons as an aberrant way of reparation.

Those evolve over time and are associated with a poor prognosis 15, The occipital horn syndrome is caused by mutation in the same gene.

Hypothermia and acute illness with septicemia were enefrmedad of presentation.

Patchy abnormality of systemic arteries with stenosis or obliteration was observed by Danks et al. We need long-term secure funding to provide you the information that you need at your fingertips. Hunter syndrome Purine—pyrimidine metabolism: Sensitive nerve conduction of median and ulnar nerves and motor nerve conduction were normal. The decreased supply of copper can reduce the activity of numerous copper-containing enzymes that are necessary for the structure and function of boneskinhairblood vessels and the nervous system such as lysyl oxidase.


Clinical expression of Menkes disease in a girl with X;13 translocation.

J Med Genet ; The investigation disclosed pilli torti and thrycorrexis nodosa in the hair, low serum levels of both copper enfermeedad ceruloplasmin, brain magnetic resonance study showed atrophy and white matter hypointensities on T1-weighted images, electroencephalogram reveals moderate background activity disorganization and epileptiform activity, and muscle biopsy with type 2 fiber atrophy.

A syncopal episode on standing was associated with bradycardia.

Orphanet: Diagn stico molecular de la enfermedad de Menkes gen ATP7A

All studies were done following informed consent of parents. Clinical expression of Menkes syndrome in females. Vessel-wall compromise might be the pathological change responsible the majority of these abnormalities, dnfermedad when subdural and epidural collections are found Most aneurysms occurred in the ascending aorta, with some also present in the descending thoracic and abdominal segments.

Central nervous system involvement and generalized muscular atrophy in occipital horn syndrome: Other abnormal EEG patterns have been described in association with the disease, like hypsarhythmia and background activity changes 11,12, Treatments to help relieve some of the symptoms includes, pain medication, anti-seizure medication, feeding tube when necessary, and physical and occupational therapy.

In the kidney, immunohistochemistry demonstrated the protein in proximal and distal tubules, with a distribution identical in mutant and normal mice. Fabio Agertt; Ana C.

Category:Menkes disease

Menkes syndrome can be diagnosed by blood tests of the copper and ceruloplasmin levels, skin biopsyand optical microscopic examination of the hair to view characteristic Menkes abnormalities. Primary iron overload disorder: Much of the intestinal copper found in Mottled-Brindled mice is bound by metallothionein MT ; see An abnormality in egress of copper from Menkes disease fibroblasts was suggested by studies of Chan et al.


Retrieved from ” https: Dev Med Child Neurol ; Age of onset, pattern of distribution, and histology of aneurysm development in a genetically predisposed mouse model.

Using a combination of single-strand conformation analysis and direct sequencing of amplified exons, they detected a single bp deletion in exon 4 in one patient and in exon 12 in the other. The treatment options are limited because the brain-blood barrier acts as an obstacle to copper delivery without the transporter protein 1,2,5,16, Histochemical staining showed that copper was distributed uniformly throughout the cytoplasm in both cell types, this location being consistent with accumulation in metallothionein.


The trans-Golgi network enfdrmedad be dissected structurally and functionally from the cisternae of the Golgi complex by brefeldin A.

The chromosomal band associated with the X-inactivation center XIC; was present, in this patient, on the proximal long arm of the rearranged X chromosome, in line with the location of XIC proximal to MNK.

Two lines of evidence strongly implicated the cloned MNK locus in the etiogenesis of Menkes disease: