Epinephelus itajara. This large, solitary fish will defend its territory when threatened, with aggressive body language and a rumbling sound it. Learn more about the Atlantic goliath grouper – with amazing Atlantic goliath grouper videos, photos and facts on Arkive. The Atlantic goliath grouper or itajara (Epinephelus itajara), also known as the jewfish, is a large saltwater fish of the grouper family found primarily in shallow.

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Plectropomus areolatus Plectropomus laevis Plectropomus leopardus Plectropomus maculatus Plectropomus oligacanthus Plectropomus pessuliferus Plectropomus punctatus. Juveniles tawny with irregular vertical bands. The sandbar shark Carcharhinus plumbeus and the great hammerhead shark Sphyrna mokarran are also known to feed on groupers.

In Florida, the largest hook and line captured specimen weighed pounds kg. Larvae are typically very different itjara appearance to adults; they are able to feed and move around but usually are unable to reproduce. Juveniles tawny with irregular vertical bands.

Senegal to Congo reported as Epinephelus esonueRef. Photo courtesy Kenneth Krysko Itajar historical importance to commercial fisheries, the goliath grouper has also long been prized by recreational and sport fishers. Rodents of Unusual Size communitycoypudocumentaryecosystemenvironmentfilmmakerfilmmakinginvasiveinvasive speciesrodentsUSAWetlandswildlife Epinfphelus 24 September Wildscreen With – Tom Hooker: The fish has excellent quality flesh and has been at risk of spear-fishing for recreation and sport 2 4.

Reconnecting people with nature was a hot topic during Europarcthe yearly conference of Protected Areas in Europe. Alphestes afer Alphestes immaculatus Alphestes multiguttatus.

Far more than a list of species and their status, it is a powerful tool to inform and catalyze action for biodiversity conservation and policy change, critical to protecting the natural resources we need to survive.


The goliath grouper is notable as one of the few groupers found in brackish waters.

Epinephelus itajara – Discover Fishes

Over-fished, primarily by spear fishing Ref. Reproduction Many groupers are protogynous hermaphrodites — a condition in which individuals first mature as females only later to become males. Additionally, exceptions to the rule of protogyny within a species may be common.

Considered of epinephelud food quality, Atlantic goliath grouper were a highly sought-after quarry for fishermen. Please enter your e-mail address and password itajjara. Albacore tuna Thunnus alalunga. Extant Epinephelinae species Groupers. Goliath groupers are believed to be protogynous hermaphroditeswhich refer to organisms that are born female and at some point in their lifespans change sex to male.

Retrieved 4 May Upon hatching, the larvae are kite-shaped, with the second dorsal-fin spine and pelvic fin spines greatly elongated.

News from IUCN

Spawning goliath grouper form impressive offshore aggregations of up to or more individuals. Species categorized as Vulnerable VU. Adults prefer structured habitat, such as rocky ledges, caves, and ship wrecks 1 2 3 4. Growth declines to about 1. Find out more Find out more about the Atlantic goliath grouper: Leopard grouper Mycteroperca rosacea.

Important game fish Ref. Senegal to Congo reported as Epinephelus esonueRef. The dorsal fins are continuous with the rays of epinepjelus soft dorsal longer than the spines of the first dorsal fin.

Epinephelus itajara

Danger to Humans Very large goliath grouper have been observed to stalk divers and even conduct unsuccessful ambushes of the same. Entered by Luna, Susan M. Reported to reach weights of more than kg Ref.


This is only achievable with support from people like you. The Atlantic goliath grouper feeds on crustaceanssuch as spiny lobsters, shrimps and crabs, as well as fish including stingrays and parrotfish, in addition to octopuses and young sea turtles. Eplnephelus diversity index Ref. Size, Age, and Growth The goliath grouper is the largest grouper in the western Atlantic.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Home range The area occupied by an animal during routine activities, which is not actively defended. A separate population of goliath groupers in the eastern Pacific Ocean has now been classified as a separate species, the Pacific goliath grouper Epinepgelus quinquefasciatus 1.

This makes them particularly vulnerable to mass harvesting while breeding. Atlantic goliath grouper conservation During the s there was an observed reduction in numbers within spawning aggregations of the Atlantic goliath grouper, dropping from over individuals per location to fewer than 10 individuals, and numbers were suspected to have eepinephelus reduced by 80 percent.

Adults appear to occupy limited home ranges with little inter-reef movement. The fertilised eggs are scattered in the water column and develop into kite-shaped larvae with long dorsal fin spines and pelvic fin spines 2 3.

An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Species categorized as Critically Endangered CR. Taxonomy The German ichthyologist M. Atlantic goliath groupers are dull green, grey, or dark yellow to brown, with small dark spots on the head, body and fins.