The ESAP experiment in Zimbabwe is widely seen as an almost unmitigated failure and the cause of the economic crisis of the late s. An Introduction to ESAP: Zimbabwe By David Coltart. 31st January Danish Volunteer Service Development Workers Meeting. ESAP’S FABLES II. BY RICHARD SAUNDERS. Richard Saunders is SAR’s Zimbabwe correspondent. Zimbabwe’s Economic Structural Adjustment Programme.

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Collections Doctoral Degrees Housing [3]. Accordingly, in answering this question it is imperative that we go back to the election to see why Government changed its mind. Also focuses on the responsiveness of the construction supply to adjustment and enablement policies.

An iin point to grasp is that Structural Adjustment Programmes have only been implemented in countries where the economy is in a complete mess.

What are the effects of ESAP in the Zimbabwean context | Emmanuel R Marabuka –

Instead, in the s it perpetuated the highly controlled and protectionist capitalist strategy of UDI, then exchanged it for a liberal and market-friendly Economic Structural Adjustment Programme ESAP based on liberalisation, devaluation, privatisation, and tight fiscal discipline. Some see evidence of this influence in the formulation and funding of government’s latest coping “social” program, the Poverty Alleviation Action Plan, which will depend centrally on the input of several hundred million dollars and other support from the Bank and a collection of other donors.

Zimbabwe’s Economic Structural Adjustment Programme ESAPlaunched inwas meant to herald a new era of modernised, competitive, export-led industrialisation. Soon after independence Zimbabwe hosted the Zimbabwe Conference on Reconstruction and Development ZIMCORD in Marchthe objectives of the conference was to promote higher growth and to reduce poverty and unemployment by reducing fiscal and parastatal deficits and instituting prudent monetary policy liberalizing trade policies and the foreign exchange system.

The more economic controls a Government exercises in any given society the more power it has over that society. It was supported by most of the business sector, technocrats in the ministry of finance and the IFIs, and introduced before the economic problems had reached crisis proportions.

What did come as a surprise was the rapidity with which the program undermined the relative stability of Zimbabwe’s social economy. However, the results were not zimbavwe bad as many people believe.

The public sector, too, has suffered unprecedented job losses and falling real salaries. Suffice it to say that as long as Government wishes to have its cake and eat it in the form of implementing structural adjustment but wishing to retain control over several important sectors of society, the success of the programme must be threatened.


Metadata Show full zimbzbwe record. This decrease implied diminished spending on drugs, extension and preventative health services, specialist facilities and treatment and other components of quality health care delivery. As a result of ESAP, girls were reportedly dropping out of secondary school in Zimbabwe at Implemented during a severe recession brought on by Zimbabwe’s worst drought in more than a century, the program made impressive strides in trade and domestic regulatory policy, creating the basis for self-sustaining growth.

Unfortunately the results were much less than satisfactory.

Speech by David Coltart: An Introduction to ESAP: Zimbabwe – David Coltart (Official Website)

He writes in his personal capacity. This caused a sharp rise in interest rates just as local firms faced greater foreign competition. Moreover, most of this social growth was financed by government without jeopardizing relative macroeconomic stability. Despite this setback, President Robert Mugabe has made strides in the uplifting of the girl-child.

It is too embarrassing for Government to admit that it has formally abandoned socialism to embrace this elitist, tribally-based capitalism. It centered around a social development fund with two parts: ESAP was designed to address the resulting structural crisis of the late s, so we can only evaluate its rationality by looking closely at the problems that it was designed to overcome.

It also contributed to gender inequality because families ended up prioritising educating the boy-child at the expense of the girl-child. The deteriorating in terms of trade for primary exports meant that developing nations find themselves exporting more and more of their commodities to earn less and less from them. Zimbabwe January 31, Performance audit reports are available to Bank executive directors and staff from the Internal Documents Unit and from Regional Information Service Centers.

May God bless you all in This suggests that restoring the old controls would not be enough to overcome the current breakdown. Moreover liberalisation has also opened opportunities for small-scale producers to diversify into cash crops and an outstanding example is cotton production. The Minister of Health, Dr. The important question to be asked when considering structural adjustment in Zimbabwe is the following: How did this happen, and what can be done to prevent it from recurring?

This created uncertainty and shortages of capital for private producers, which delayed investment in new capacity and job creation.

If Government is committed to structural adjustment then the only conclusion that can be drawn is that the Land Acquisition Bill is simply a political manoeuvre, a carrot dangled in front of the rural populous to keep their support without Government having any intention of actually implementing it as threatened.


I believe that the reason why ESAP has been introduced is simply because Government realised in that it was in a severe economic mess, and therefore political mess, and that it had to do something dramatic prior to if it wished to stay in power. SDA was underfunded, overly centralized, and relied on overworked staff already fully committed to the drought relief effort.

The vote would have otherwise remained stagnant in nominal terms. It makes the exports of the borrowing country more competitive and attractive in the international markets. Even more worrying to Government was the fact that there was a dramatic swing against Government by the young and the urban-based.

Origins of the Zimbabwe crisis

Leon points that ESAP was ruining the countries education system, the Confederation of Zimbabwe Industries CZI commented that this would raise the drop rate and lower the quality of the future labour force. With subsidies on processed maize meal removed, small-scale hammer millers stepped in to produce straight-run maize meal which is nutritionally better than roller meal at prices comparable to or lower than the old subsidized price of roller meal.

It knows that its half-baked socialist state or party capitalism policies have failed the country and if the country drifts any further down this path total chaos will result. Reply to tweet Retweet tweet Favourite tweet. Finally, its training component for retrenched workers was too short and not always relevant to needs.

I write what I like: Meanwhile, accounts from rural clinics and hospitals have urgently noted the near collapse of health care services under the weight of cutbacks and imposed self-reliance.

The cruellest irony of ESAP is perhaps that a policy which aimed esapp halve the government deficit and finance a higher short- term debt through expanded industrialisation, in reality ended by doubling the national debt, putting additional pressure on the government deficit and stunting an anticipated process of locally- driven re-industrialisation.