La bixina se prepara mediante extracción de la cubierta exterior de las semillas de la bija (Bixa orellana L.) con uno o más de los siguientes disolventes. Más de semillas individuales son requeridas para extraer un gramo de bixina. The Bixaceae family The small Bixaceae family contains ¡2. La composición de los extractos obtenidos a partir del arilo de la semilla varía según el método de extracción debido a que la bixina se isomeriza con el calor.

Author: Aramuro Gular
Country: Cuba
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Literature
Published (Last): 23 March 2005
Pages: 366
PDF File Size: 13.61 Mb
ePub File Size: 9.60 Mb
ISBN: 863-1-48428-297-5
Downloads: 69874
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Tobei

++ Achiote – Bixa Orellana L

No observados en las dosis usuales. Open in a separate window. The purpose of the present paper is to review the most recent literature on Bixa orellana L. Annatto is the name given to the crude pigment extract containing bixin, norbixin and other carotenoids in different proportions obtained from achiote. Chemical structure of tocotrienols modified from Aggarwal et al.

In most of achiote producing countries, the ground seed is commercialized as condiment or colorant for food; whereas in developed countries it is mainly used in the re of extracts used as a natural color in the food industry.

The structure of these two types of compounds is very similar; but, while tocopherols have a saturated phytol tail, tocotrienols possess an isoprenoid tail with three unsaturated residues Das et al. Safflower, in contrast, does not have any taste at all and can, therefore, be used whenever colour is desired but no aroma wanted; but its staining capability is low. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.


Please review our privacy policy. A biotechnological perspective bixins improvement of annatto color production for value addition—the influence of biotic elicitors. Introduction Achiote Bixa orellana L. The aril covering the seed is widely used to treat burns and bleeding, dysentery, gonorrhea, constipation and fever. Lycopene is the simplest carotenoid molecule linear molecule formed of 40 carbon atoms and is the substrate for generating most cyclic carotenoids through cycling, hydroxylation or oxidation or the combination of these three types of reaction.

Pathway of biosynthesis of isoprenoid compounds.

Oil soluble annatto extract Soybean, grapeseed and sunflower oils can be used to extract or dissolve bixin. Other apocarotenoids present dxtraccion lower amounts are norbixin, bixin dimethyl ester and byproducts of lycopene degradation Cardarelli et al.

To dye or not to dye: Furthermore, se has been also proposed research on the use of the aerial parts of the achiote plant and their possible pharmacological properties and health benefits; adding economical value to achiote crop production.

Extracción de colorantes by Junior Huahuacondori on Prezi

It is true that pure annatto seeds have same very faint fragrance, but this aroma is not transmitted to the food. On another hand, it has been documented that achiote B. Dark red seeds about 3 mm diameter.

Studies on aldose reductasa inhibitors from natural products. The green leaf pigment chlorophyll is also responsible for the greenish colour of some vegetable oils, namely olive oil and pumpkin seed oil. Subsequently, cis -phytoene suffers four desaturation reactions for the synthesis of lycopene Delgado-Vargas et al.

Water soluble extract Water soluble annatto extract consists of the dissociated form of norbixin in an alkaline solution, usually potassium or sodium hydroxide and then acidified with hydrochloric acid for precipitating norbixin. If bixin is extracted with hot vegetable oil, there is a change in the color that goes from orange—reddish to orange—yellow Smith and also, cis -bixin is transformed in trans -bixin which is its most stable and soluble form Hendry and Houghton J Food Sci Technol.


Chemical structure of tocopherols eextraccion from Aggarwal et al.

Translation of “La bixina” in English

Mexico Find articles by Laura J. Licopeno y Salud Humana.

In this sense, our group in the laboratory of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology has focused on the biochemical characterization of these accession specifically on the quantification of the yield of the pigment extraction, color parameters, levels of tocotrienols, tocopherols, luteolin and apigenin, antioxidant capacity in the annatto extracts and its effect on in vivo models.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. Annatto has a weak, perfumed odour Main constituents: Nowadays, bixin occupies the second place among the main natural colors used worldwide Lauro and Francis ; Giridhar and Parimalan ; Chuyen et al. Potential bixuna and health benefits Chemical composition of Bixa orellana As mentioned earlier, B. Annatto extracts are widely used in the food industry, mainly in dairy and other food products such sxtraccion poultry, fish, surimi imitation of crab meatbakery, breakfast cereals, several desserts, jam and jellies, maraschino cherries, cream and icing for cakes, sauces, condiments, candies and beverages such as aperitifs, soft-drinks and juices.