Rotifers are microscopic aquatic animals of the phylum Rotifera. Rotifers can be found in many freshwater environments and in moist soil, where they inhabit the. Phylum Rotifera. 1. PHYLUM ROTIFERA Philodina; 2. PHYLUM ROTIFERA Rotifera- Latin word meaning “wheel-bearer” (rota =wheel. Tujuan Instruksional Khusus: Menjelaskan morfologi, anatomi, reproduksi dan daur hidup dan klasifikasi serta arti ekonomis dari jenis Filum Rotifera. ROTIFERA.

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Found on all continents except maybe Antarctica and in all biogeographic rotifer or in all the major oceans Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific. They have many different body forms, ranging from sac-shaped to spherical or cylindrical, wide and flattened, or long and slender.

In these cases, females produce diploid eggs amictic ova during favorable conditions, which develop without fertilization. Because they depend on symbiotic photosynthetic algae, zooxanthellae, they cannot live where light does not penetrate.

Deserts can be cold or warm and daily temperates typically fluctuate. The polyps live only on the reef surface. Some deciduous trees also may be present. In other words, Central and South America.

Many rotifers also have a gelatinous layer outside the epidermis.

Classification Kingdom Animalia animals Animalia: This is because sand does not hold water well so little is available to plants. Phylogenetic analysis of endoparasitic Acanthocephala based on mitochondrial genomes suggests secondary loss of sense organs.


This terrestrial biome also occurs at high elevations. Ethiopian living in sub-Saharan Africa south of 30 degrees north and Rotifega. La prima parte di questo grande documentario, intitolato “la guerra degli italiani “. Depending on environmental conditions, eggs may be mictic or amictic. This system controls osmoregulation and expels nitrogenous by-products of digestion. Long, cold winters and short, rotiferz summers.


If conditions become less favorable, these eggs grow into mictic females who produce haploid mictic ova; these ova may develop, via parthenogenesis, into males.

Some may have a buccal tube leading from the mouth to the pharynx. These animals are eutelic, with an average cell count of to 1, Synapomorphy of the Bilateria.

Search Database – Species

New York, New York: Most rotifers are motile and planktonic; swimming is achieved by filim movement. In most species, the head carries a corona crown of cilia that draws a vortex of water into the mouth, which the rotifer sifts for food. Members of the genera Seison and Paraseison live on the legs and gills of Nebaliaa genus of marine leptostracan crustaceans, feeding on their host’s eggs and detritus.

Rotifers may be sessile or sedentary and some species are colonial. While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily filjm the contents of references beyond our control.

Finally, some rotifers gather food using coronal tentacles and others are symbiotic, typically with crustaceans, or entoparasites of annelids and terrestrial slugs, snail egg cases, freshwater algae, and, in one species, a colonial protist Volvox. Help us improve the site by taking our survey. The body of the rotifer is externally but not internally segmented.

Brusca and Rptifera, Trophi are found in almost all rotifers, and are characteristic organs of the phylum Rotifera. Waste, gases and nutrients are all diffused directly to the fulum environment through organ rotifrra and blastocoelomic fluid.

Male rotifers, when present, most often have a single testis, which is connected to a sperm duct and a posterior gonopore, which is unconnected to the digestive system. Brusca and Brusca, ; Hyman, ; Segers, ; Wallace, Habitat Regions temperate tropical terrestrial saltwater or marine freshwater Terrestrial Biomes tundra fjlum desert or dune savanna or grassland chaparral forest rainforest scrub forest mountains Aquatic Biomes pelagic benthic reef lakes and ponds rivers and streams temporary pools coastal brackish water Wetlands marsh swamp bog Other Habitat Features riparian estuarine intertidal or littoral Physical Description These animals are small, most are less than 1 mm long, although a few species reach lengths up to 3 mm.


All rotifer species have a ciliary organ located on the head, known as a corona, which is typically used for locomotion and feeding. Parthenogenesis is the most common method of reproduction in rotifers. Soils usually subject to permafrost.

Epizoic and parasitic rotifers. Brusca and Brusca, ; Wallace, Mating System monogamous Rotifers are dioecious, but in most species, males are extremely rare or even unknown. The rapid movement of the cilia in some species makes them appear to whirl like a wheel. Vegetation is dominated by stands of dense, spiny shrubs with tough hard or waxy evergreen leaves. An introduction to LoriciferaCycliophoraand Micrognathozoa.

Species – Search the Rotifer World Catalog

Within the body are the stomach and reproductive organs. Referring to an animal that lives on or near the bottom of a body of water. Some species sexually reproduce, but parthenogenic reproduction is far more common, order Bdelloidea lacks males altogether. Vegetation filim typically sparse, though spectacular blooms may occur following rain.

Accessed March 14, at http: This is because sand does not hold water well so little is available to plants. Precipitation is typically not limiting, but may be somewhat seasonal. These ova undergo a period of diapause and do not hatch until conditions are more favorable. Several rotifea are endemic to specific regions. A grassland with scattered trees or scattered clumps of trees, a type of community intermediate between grassland and forest.