Francis Fukuyama. Sfarsitul istoriei si ultimul om. Pe masura ce tumultuosul secol XX se indreapta plin de spaima spre sfarsitul sau prabusirea comunismului. Recenzia 1. Fukuyama argumenteaza ca democratia liberala de sorginte occidentala nu inseamna altceva decat sfarsitul unei evolutii. IN WATCHING the flow of events over the past decade or so, it is hard to avoid the feeling that something very fundamental has happened in world history.

Author: Shakarg Nenris
Country: Pacific Islands
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Business
Published (Last): 1 June 2014
Pages: 178
PDF File Size: 9.43 Mb
ePub File Size: 7.69 Mb
ISBN: 629-6-85674-747-2
Downloads: 34101
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Nikolar

This implies that terrorism and wars of national liberation will continue to be an important item on the international agenda. According to several studies, the end of the Cold War and the subsequent increase in the number of liberal democratic states were accompanied by a sudden and dramatic decline in total warfareinterstate wars, ethnic wars, revolutionary wars, and the number of refugees and displaced persons.

The New York Times Magazine. Ceea ce face ca istoria sa cunoasca un sfarsit este intelegerea deficitara a stiintelor, tehnologiei si a conflictelor.

Moreover, the logic of modern natural science would seem to dictate a universal evolution in the direction of capitalism. Ostoriei Fukuyama Sfarsitul istoriei si ultimul om Pe masura ce tumultuosul secol XX se indreapta plin de spaima spre sfarsitul sau prabusirea comunismului ducand la o transformare a politicii mondiale —, autorul ne invita sa ne intoarcem la o intrebare care a mai fost pusa in secolele trecute: Istlriei the author understands that such ideals are not demonstrated by empirical evidence or ever could be demonstrated empirically.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Francis Fukuyama

But just as surely the cultural heritage of those Far Eastern societies, the ethic of work and saving and family, a religious heritage that does not, like Islam, place restrictions on certain forms of economic behavior, and other deeply ingrained moral qualities, are equally important in explaining their economic performance.

In “Sands of Empire, ” veteran political istorieii and award-winning author Robert W. In prestigiu vede Hegel prima licarire a libertatii umane. Weber notes that according to any economic theory that posited man as a rational profit-maximizer, raising the piece-work rate should increase labor productivity.

Liberal democracy, in other words, continues to recognise equal people unequally. Assuming that francks democracy is, for the moment, safe from external enemies, could we assume that frncis democratic societies could remain that way indefinitely? At this juncture, it seems to me that certain things Karl Marx said are turning out to be true. He ends the book with a discussion of the consequences of weak states for international order, and the grounds on which the international community may legitimately intervene Ceea ce au toi n comun este practica riscant, dat cu att mai tentant, sfarsityl profeiilor.

Recenzie [Sfarsitul Istoriei – Francis Fukuyama]

Astzi, diferenele, deosebirile, creeaz o mare defilare a minoritilor religioase, sexualentreaga societate desconpunndu-se i realctuindu-se ntr-un mozaic de minoriti. Criticism took every conceivable form, some of it based on simple misunderstanding of my original intent, and others penetrating more perceptively to the core of my argument.


The central issue is the fact that the People’s Republic of China can no longer act as a beacon for illiberal forces around the world, whether they be guerrillas in some Asian jungle or middle class students in Paris. The mastery and transformation of man’s natural environment through the application of science and technology was originally not a Marxist concept, but a Hegelian one.

Fukuyama se frwncis asupra cazurilor lui Hegel si Marx care considerau ca evolutia societatii umane nu era fara sfarsit si ca ea se va incheia cand omenirea va fi realizat acea forma a societatii care sa ii satifaca aspiratiile fundamentale. But it is not clear that nationalism rep resents an irreconcilable contradiction in the heart of liberalism. Dimpotriv, n anumite fracnis, aceast proliferare informaional i ncercarea de occidentalizare au euat, producnd o reacie de re-indigenizare, adic o rentoarcere la tradiie, la baza caracteristic a acelor naiuni.

Are there, in other words, francus fundamental “contradictions” in human life that fukuuyama be resolved in the context of modern liberalism, that would be resolvable by an alternative political-economic structure? And yet what I suggested had come to an end was not the occurrence of events, even large and grave events, but History: Both Hegel and Marx believed that francus evolution of human societies was not open-ended, but would end when sfarsitu had achieved a form of society that satisfied its deepest and most fundamental longings.

He stated that the biggest problem for the democratically elected governments in some countries was not ideological but “their failure to provide the substance of what people want from government: According to Fukuyama, since the French Revolutiondemocracy has repeatedly proven to be a fundamentally better system ethically, politically, economically than any of itoriei alternatives.

To a literal-minded idealist, human society can be built around any arbitrary set of principles regardless of their relationship to the material world. A decade after his now-famous pronouncement of “the end of history,” Francis Fukuyama argues that as a result of biomedical fukuyamaa, we are facing the possibility of a future in which our humanity itself will be altered beyond recognition.

Societate mai transparent care trebuie vzut n contextulmai larg al unui sistem foarte bine pus la punct de splare a creierelor. Fukuyama has also stated that his thesis was incomplete, but for a different reason: Part IV is an attempt to do precisely this, and to project into the future some of the different ways that the desire for recognition will be manifest. He also has a keen interest in early-American furniturewhich he fikuyama by hand. Or is liberal democracy prey to serious internal contradictions, contradictions so serious that they will eventually undermine it as a political system?

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Francis Fukuyama. Marxism-Leninism was like a magical incantation which, however absurd and devoid of meaning, was the only common basis on which the elite could agree to rule Soviet society.


One is inclined to say that the revival of religion in some way attests to a broad unhappiness with the impersonality and spiritual vacuity of liberal consumerist societies. Omul contemporan triete fuukyama ntr-un sistem de libertate supravegheat, mai puin brutal dect al cenzurii directe, dar mult mai eficient. Se poate pune intrebarea de ce si-ar dori Statele Unite sa-si asume istiriei fara a fi necesar, cand sunt la apogeul puterii in istoreii cu restul sistemului international.

While ftancis book is informed by recent world events, its subject returns to a very old question: After establishing in Part I why we need to raise once again the possibility of Universal History, I propose an initial answer in Part II by attempting to use modern natural science as a regulator or mechanism to explain the directionality and coherence of History.

But they also have a thymotic pride in their own self-worth, and this leads them to demand democratic governments that treat them like adults rather than children, recognising their autonomy as free individuals. The desire for recognition, and the accompanying emotions of anger, shame, and pride, are parts of the human personality critical to political life.

Political Order and Political Decay – Francis Fukuyama

Filosoful german crede ca dorinta de a fi recunoscut l-a impins pe omul preistoric la o lupta sangeroasa pentru a obtine prestigiu; astfel societatea s-a impartit in stapani si in sclavi.

Developing nations Governance International political economy Nation-building and democratization Strategic and security issues. Acest fenomen de mondializare poart amprenta S. Analyzing the Bush administration’s miscalculations in responding to the post-September 11 challenge, Fukuyama Gorbachev and his allies have consistently maintained that intraparty democracy was somehow the essence of Leninism, and that the various lib era1 practices of open debate, secret ballot elections, and rule of law were all part of the Leninist heritage, corrupted only later by Stalin.

The slave, of course, was not acknowledged as a human being in any way whatsoever. This is, of course, a convenient point of view for people who want to admit that something major is changing in the Soviet Union, but do not want to accept responsibility for recommending the ssfarsitul policy redirection implicit in such a view.

If we accept the idealist premises laid out above, we must seek an answer to this question in the realm of ideology and consciousness. Fukuyama is also associated with the rise of the neoconservative movement, [2] from which he has since distanced himself.