Gabrieli Sonata pian’ e forte. Background information and performance circumstances. Giovanni Gabrielii () was principal organist and composer at. Sonata pian’ e forte a 8, alla quarta bassa, C composer. Giovanni Gabrieli ( c/). ; No 6 of Sacrae Symphoniae. Giovanni Gabrieli’s Sonata pian e forte: choice of instruments and performance pitch – a new solution. Michael Lawlor. Uploaded by. Michael Lawlor. Giovanni.
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The playing is fluent and exhilarating. The range of color, breadth and depth of sonority and the majestic nobility of the composer’s conception are all revealed in a manner even the most expert of modern brass players could not possibly emulate. These pia shown in the following table. The picture is not so clear for choir one, where the altus and tenor parts are in mezzo-soprano clef and alto clef, respectively.
Sonata pian’ e forte – Wikipedia
Alto trombones would make a distinctive sound for the first choir compared with the second, while tenor trombones would provide a more homogeneous sound, with only the individual ranges and tone-colour of the cornett and violin providing differentiation. Log In Sign Up. In modern times there is currently no call for players with this skill: Is Gabrieli telling us this piece also needs to be transposed down or is he merely highlighting the giovani in tessitura and telling us that it has already been transposed down sonatta fourth?
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It should be played at the notated pitch. This includes the following advice, the significant comments are underlined: The alto sackbut has had a significant come- back in recent years as a result of growing interest in historic brass, however, it would appear that even in the seventeenth century, there was a preference for the fuller tone of the tenor trombone compared with the alto. Looking at the middle parts, choir two appears straight-forward: Again, Gabrieli and Gardane would have known that the part needed a viola and surely would have giovznni viola in the published work; but there is frte alternative solution that means Gabrieli is indeed correct in his designation of violino.
Sonata pian’ e forte
Is it possible that the indication alla quarta bassa is not an instruction, but a description? Although German and English writers on music in the 16th and 17th centuries got their Italian terms mixed up, Gabrieli and his publisher, Angelo Gardane, being Italian, should be expected to use the correct Italian terms since they were consistently used in other contemporary publications: Remember me on this computer.
The other solution to 1 e.
If we assume the piece should be performed at the notated pitch, what impact does it have on the choice of instruments? The usual modern interpretation of this is to use the tenor violin, what Italians would call a violetta, or sometimes the general name for a bass instrument: Please use the dropdown buttons to set your preferred options, or use the checkbox to accept the defaults.
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The sextus and bassus parts should be played on bass trombones. Sonata pian’ e forte a 8, alla quarta bassa, C composer.
Click here to sign up. Both of these parts could easily be played on either alto or tenor trombones or one of each. All of these pieces are brought together into a smaller, more manageable tessitura if the high clef 2 I have chosen not to consider the use of alto cornett on this part since the instrument, if it existed at all, was very rare.
Hyperion offers both CDs, and downloads in a number of formats. This instrument is frequently referred to for the playing of bass parts in high ranging works, often as an alternative to the trombone.
The violino part goes down to A. Don’t show me this message again. The sonata has been giovannl and the marking, alla quarta bassa, is a description and not gabgieli instruction. Piaj quintus and octavus parts should be played on tenor trombones.
Sonata pian’ e forte | music by Gabrieli |
The cantus should be played by a regular cornett. My unpublished paper on extant cornetts covers this subject, part of which was presented at the Historic Brass Society Symposium held in Oxford in This is a comfortable tessitura and a typical lowest note for cornett writing in many works for which the instrument is specified during the late sixteenth and early seventeenth piaj even if sometimes specified as an alternative to the violin.
The violino part goes down to d, still too low for the violin but would only require a standard-sized viola. We start by assessing the clefs and ranges for each part, including the ranges if the parts are transposed down a fourth. It is still possible to transpose the sonata down a fourth, but playing at giiovanni notated pitch brings the work into line with most of the repertoire of this period.
Help Center Find new research papers in: The septimus should be played an octave higher than written by a violin. This is one step lower than the normal bottom note of the instrument. However, some fingering charts from the seventeenth century1 indicate the bottom gabrifli of the cornetto to be g, but ability to lip the bottom note down from a to g, maintaining good tone quality and accurate tuning, is difficult. September Total duration: This means that in giovanin case of Rossi, alla quarta alta indicates the work has already been transposed, so should be played at the notated pitch.
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The cornetto part goes down to g. Speer, Vierfaches Musicalisches Kleeblatt Ulm, but not in edition, which gives a as lowest note.