All of their works, which have only survived in fragmentary form, were written in the same style as the Hieroglyphica by Horapollo, the only complete ancient. Horapollo’s text printed with Greek and Latin on facing pages. Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only once a year.

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It should not surprise us, then, that so many Renaissance Humanists — for whom this was all quite familiar through Lucan, Apuleius, Plutarch, Clement of Alexandria and, especially, Ennead V by Plotinus — should see in the Hieroglyphica a genuine connection with the highest sphere of wisdom. The part of the Hieroglyphica that does not deal with hieroglyphics — chaps. The text of the Hieroglyphica consists of two books, containing a total of explanations of Egyptian hieroglyphs.

Sublimitatem vero, quia cum caetera quidem animantia, quoties in sublime tolli volunt, oblique ferantur, nec recta sursum euehi possint, solus horwpollo recta in altum volat. In the Renaissance they were generally considered to be authentic Egyptian characters, and although this authenticity was seriously placed in doubt during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, modern-day Egyptology recognizes that Book I in its entirety and approximately one third of Book II are based on real signs from hieroglyphic writing.

Inde etiam hieroglyohica, vt solem interdum, tanquam visus autorem ac dominum, accipitris forma pingant. Sancho Panza and the Turtle.

The Hieroglyphics of Horapollo Nilous

The editio princeps, in Greek, of the Hieroglyphica, was published by Manuzio in and enjoyed more than 30 editions and translations during the sixteenth century, not including all the adaptations. Isque ipse accipiter ad uictoriam bieroglyphica perueniat. Quid accipitrem pingentes, innuant. Et oltra di questo il sangue, perche come dicono non beue acqua, ma il sangue.

Accipiter longe excellere uidetur. It was dedicated to Cosimo I de’ Medici. This page was last edited on 12 Octoberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

All of their works, which have only survived in fragmentary form, were written in the same style as the Hieroglyphica by Horapollo, the only complete ancient treatise on Egyptian hieroglyphics. Inthe Italian humanist Pierio Valeriano Bolzani published a vast Hieroglyphica at Michael Isengrin ‘s printing press in Baslewhich was originally planned as an exegesis of Horapollo’s. Nevertheless, their interpretation does not follow their functional meaning in the Egyptian system of writing, but rather a presumably loftier moral, theological or natural decoding of reality, in exactly the same way that the Physiologus was interpreted at around the same time.


The second part of book II treats animal symbolism and allegory, essentially derived from AristotleAelianPliny and Artemidorusand are hierogkyphica an addition by the Hhorapollo translator.

This approach of symbolic speculation about hieroglyphs many of which were originally simple syllabic signs was popular during Hellenismwhence the early Humanists, down to Athanasius Kircherinherited the preconception of the hieroglyphs as a magical, symbolic, ideographic script.

Hieroglyphics of Horapollo Index

Deum quum volunt significare, aut sublimitatem, aut humilitatem, aut praestantiam, aut sanguinem, aut victoriam, accipitrem pingunt. The Perfect language of Images. Praestantiam, quod caeteris auibus praestare videatur.

The manuscript of the Hieroglyphica made its way to Florence, from the island of Andros, in the hand of Cristoforo Buondelmonti in today housed in the Biblioteca Laurenziana, Plut. Atque hinc est, quod medici ad sananda oculorum vitia, hieraceo herba vtuntur.

Cum enim a robustiori ac fortiori quapiam aue sese premi ac superari senserit, illico in aere ita se supinum facit, ut ungues suos ad superiores partes reuoluat, Pennas uero ad posteriora corporis deorsum, assidue pugnando perstringat, hinc fit ut cum reliqua uolatilia ei in pugna opposita idem facere et paria esse nequeant, uicta relinquantur atque inferiora sint.

Hieroglyphica Horapollinis

His school was shut down, his temple of Isis and Osiris destroyed, and he, after being subjected to torture, finally converted to Christianity. Et ancho perche pare essere un simulacro del Sole, tenendo lei sola fra tutti gli altri uccelli gli occhi intenti uerso i raggi del Sole. Treasures of Kalocsa, Vol. By the end of the 15th century, the text became immensely popular among humanists, with a first printed edition of the text appearing intranslated into Latin in by Filippo Fasaniniinitiating a long sequence of editions and translations.

In fact, as Mario Praz has pointed out, in this period emblems were normally seen as the modern equivalents of sacred Egyptian signs.


Retrieved from ” https: Leemans and A. Beginning with the previously cited Ennead V. Psalterium MS more Sanguinem, quandoquidem uorapollo istud aquam in potum nusquam sumere sed sanguinem duntaxat bibere solitum memorant.

Victoriam demum, quod caeteras volucres vincere videatur. Views Read Edit View history. The books profess to be a translation from an Egyptian original into Greek by a certain Philippus, of whom nothing is known. This genre of the symbolic rereading of the hieroglyphs — “enigmatic hieroglyphs” as Rigoni and Horapolllo call them — was very popular in the late Hellenistic period.

Quoniam animal id plurimae foecunditatis est diuque uiuit. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Filippo Horapoll second Latin translation DEum immortalem Aegyptii significare uolentes, altitudinem, humilitatem, excellentiam, sanguinem, uictoriam, Martem, et Venerem, Accipitrem notant, ac deum quidem primo eam ob causam significant: Horapollo from Horus Apollo ; Greek: Excellentiam, quoniam supra omne auitium genus: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Beginning in the sixteenth century, the Hieroglyphica were usually attributed to him. On the other hand, this work intiated the mode of “writing with mute signs” Alciato — as expressed in the preface of so many emblem books — thus contributing decisively to the evolution and popularity of the emblematic genre.

Though a very large proportion of the statements seem absurd and cannot be accounted for by anything known in the latest and most fanciful usage, there is ample evidence in both books, in individual cases, that the tradition of the values of the hieroglyphic signs was not yet extinct in the days of their author. To this Horapollo the Hieroglyphica was attributed by most 16th-century editors, although there were more occult opinions, identifying Horapollo with Horus himself, or with a pharaoh.

Victoriam, Quia genus omne auium solus accipiter uincere creditur. An Encounter with the Inquisition.