INDICA MEGASTHENES PDF

T HE INDICA OF Megasthenes is justly famous.1 It contained the first eyewitness B.C. Arrian (Ind. ) states that Megasthenes went further than Alexander. – Buy Indica book online at best prices in India on Indica (Greek) Paperback – 21 Jan by Megasthenes (Creator), E a. Megasthenes’ book Indica records the way of life followed in India during BC. This book describes 7 classifications of work rather than the.

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According to the native philosophers and natural scientists, the reason for this is that the bordering countries are more elevated than India, so their waters run down to India, resulting in such a large number of rivers.

Herakles built several places in this city, fortified it with water-filled trenches and settled a number of people in the city. Special officers are appointed to ensure that no foreigner is harmed, and judges hand out harsh punishment to those who take unfair advantage of the foreigners.

Megasthenes resided in the Seleucid empire, apparently traveling to India as part of that country’s diplomacy. Bosworthpp. No trivia or quizzes yet. This page was last edited on 15 Decemberat Fragments of Abydenus ‘s writings in Praeparatio evangelica. The original book is now lost, but its fragments have survived in later Greek and Latin works. Rameshwar rated it really liked it May 02, Dionysus’ urbanization of India makes India a powerful, impregnable nation.

Felix Jacoby ‘s Fragmente der griechischen Historiker contains 36 pages of content traced to Megasthenes. Tin and other metals are used for making a number of tools, weapons, ornaments, and other articles.

Thapar also speculates that he wrote his account some years after his visit to India, and at this time, he “arrived at the number seven, forgetting the facts as given to him”.

The law treats everyone equally, but allows the property to be unevenly distributed. During winter, wheat is sown. This page was last edited on 14 Novemberat He founded several cities, the greatest of which was Palibothra Pataliputra.

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Bondage, caste and market”. The Ganges empties into the ocean that forms the eastern boundary of Gangaridai. Views Read Edit View history.

Published January 12th by Nabu Press first published The later ruler — the Indian Herakles — is presented as a native of India, despite similarities with the Greek Heracles. They are well-skilled in art.

Indica (Megasthenes) – Wikipedia

His descendants ruled India for several generations, but never launched an expedition beyond India. Open Preview See a Problem? Megasthenes states that there were no slaves in India, but the Arthashastra attests to the existence of slavery in contemporary India; [28] Strabo also counters Megasthenes’s claim based on a report from Onesicritus.

On the Face in the Moon megawthenes facie in orbe lunae in Moralia. The Indian elephants megaathenes far stronger than the Libyan elephantsbecause of the abundance of food on the Indian soil. He founded several cities, the greatest of which was Palibothra Pataliputra.

Akshat Kaushik is currently reading it Nov 02, Retrieved from ” https: Many merge into Gangeswhich is 30 stadia wide at its source, and runs from north to south. India has several mountains with fruit trees of every kind. Diodorus described Ganges as 30 stadia wide; it is well-attested by other sources that Megasthenes described the median or minimum width of Ganges as stadia.

The various native names for these mountains include ParapamisosHemodos and Himaos the Himalayas. However, according to A.

Indica by Megasthenes

The first century Greek writer Strabo called both Megasthenes and his succeeding ambassador Deimachus liars, and stated that “no faith whatever” could be placed in their writings. He entered the subcontinent through the district of the Pentapotamia “The five rivers”, modern day Punjab region [7]providing a full account of the rivers found there thought to be the five affluents of the Indus that form the Punjab regionand proceeded from there by the royal road to Pataliputra.

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Five centuries later Clement of Alexandria, in his Stromateismay have misunderstood Megasthenes to be responding to claims of Greek primacy by admitting Greek views of physics were preceded by those of Jews and Indians. The most learned Indian scholars say that Dionysus invaded India, and taught Indians several things including how to grow plants, make wine and worship.

Rohan Roy rated it it was amazing Feb 24, In the primitive times, the Indians lived on fruits and wore clothes made of animal skin, just like the Greeks. This, according to Kosmin, is because now India is shown as unconquerable. Paperbackpages. Megasthenes’ Indicaalong with Ctesias ‘ book of the same name, is among the earliest well-known Western accounts of India and he is regarded as one of the founders of the study of Indian history in the West.

Presha B marked it as to-read Jun 04, The population of India is divided into 7 endogamous and hereditary castes: For this reason, he was regarded as a deity by the Indians.

Articles with short description. In the remotest parts, the shadows fall southward, and even Arcturus is not visible.

Megasthenes

It is likely that Strabo sourced the rest of the text from sources other than Megasthenes: He founded megasthends large cities, introduced laws and established courts. Indians did not use large-scale slavery as a means of production, and slaves in India could buy back their freedom or be released by their master.

The parts that belonged to the original text can be identified from the later works based on similar content, vocabulary and phrasing, even when the content has not been explicitly attributed to Megasthenes. Sick foreigners are attended by physicians and taken care of.