John Gerard: John Gerard, English herbalist, author of The Herball, or generall historie of plantes (). In Gerard went to London to become an. The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes (). John Gerarde. Publisher: John Norton Year: Town: London. Complete PDF-Version of this book. Trained as a Barber-surgeon, John Gerard () divided his time working as superintendent of the gardens of William Cecil, Lord Burghley ().

Author: Zulkilrajas Malagis
Country: Mozambique
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Video
Published (Last): 8 January 2014
Pages: 161
PDF File Size: 6.63 Mb
ePub File Size: 1.78 Mb
ISBN: 931-5-92429-692-2
Downloads: 73308
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Tagar

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Gerard’s Herball contains profuse, high-quality drawings of plants, with the printer’s woodcuts largely derived from Continental European sources, but there is an original title page with a copperplate engraving by William Rogers. English naturalists from Neckham to Ray: He was the first to suggest that the Barber-Surgeons keep a garden for the study of plants but the suggestion was geratd taken up.

This has led to Gerard being accused of plagiarismand even a “crook”. University of Chicago Press. For other uses, see John Gerard disambiguation.

Tabor, Edward 1 January Although it was recognised amongst scholars that it was a pirated work, with many limitations, at that time [23] there is evidence of the book still being in practical use as a medicinal herbal, even in the early 19th century. Gerard was not Norton’s first choice, the translation having originally been commissioned from Dr Robert Priest, [c] a member of the London College of Physicians [19] [8] who had died untimely.

The naming of names the search for order in the world of plants.

The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes ()

Introduction of North American plants into European herbals”. Herbalists English botanists English botanical writers births s deaths English male writers People from Nantwich Pre-Linnaean botanists. For example, at some time getard his later youth, he is said to have made one trip abroad, possibly as a ship’s surgeon on a merchant ship sailing around the North Sea and Balticfor he refers to both Scandinavia and Russia in his writings.


Lives of the Fellows vol. Gerard gerqrd L’Obel were friends who made occasional field trips together. Gunther, Robert Theodore This became popular, and he received gifts of seeds and plants from around the world. Except for additions of some plants from his own garden and from North America, Gerard’s Herbal is herballl an unacknowledged English translation of Rembert Dodoens ‘s herbal, published initself highly popular in Dutch, Latin, French and other English translations.

Sick and disgruntled, Raleigh ordered his gardeners to dig up the plants and throw them away. Barlow, Horace Mallinson Amongst his qualifications he wrote “by reason of his travaile into farre countries his great practise and long experience”. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. The first description of the potato in English appears in The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes by John Gerardwho corresponded with Clusius and provided him with some tubers, presumably from his own garden.

Gerard was one of the most respected plant experts of his time, but, strangely, he was not the primary author of the famous herbal that bears his name.

The woodcut is from Clusius’ Rariorum plantarum historiaa description of rare and exotic plants, including the potato, which Sir Francis Drake had brought from the New World to England in and planted there. Garret was a Huguenot living and working in London, and a neighbour of L’Obel.

If you hrball to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. He would also visit other collectors and nurserymen such as Richard Pointer of TwickenhamMaster Fowle, keeper of the Queen’s house at St.

John Gerard | English herbalist and author |

Gerard’s Herball references many of the poisonous plants mentioned in Shakespeare ‘s plays. For example, the herb which produces the deathlike sleep of Juliet or Cymbeline may refer to nightshadeMandragora or Doronicumgerars of them listed and described in the Herball. The Science of Describing: We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.


From Gerard to the Royal Society.

At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. John GerardbornNantwichCheshire, Eng. Hundreds of medicinal plants were known in India before the Christian era, and the Chinese have a compilation, still authoritative, of 1, ancient herbal remedies.

Help us improve this article! A second edition was published inenlarged and amended by Thomas Johnson, who dismissed Gerard with the introductory comment that “His chiefe commendation is that he out of a propense goodwill to the publique advancement of this knowledge, endeavoured to performe therein more than he could well accomplish; which was partly through want of sufficient learning.

John Gerard

Having safely planted and replanted many mandrakes, Ferard condemned the fantastic tales. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. The Herball was immensely popular. In he compiled a list of the plants growing in his garden. The tradition was much improved by this new wave of herbalists who used illustrations drawn from actual plants, rather than stock images privileging mythological or emblematic considerations, which were useless for identification purposes.

Retrieved 3 November Muhammad Ali, American professional boxer and social activist. It also contained a large amount of folklore. Institute of Historical Research.

Posted in Art