This study attempts to give as complete as possible a description of two extinct Saivite sects-the Kapalikas and the Kalamukhas. Since the connotations of the. Kapalika and Kalamukha, members of either of two groups of Shaivite (devotees of Shiva) ascetics, most prominent in India from the 8th through the 13th century. Kapalikas, Kalamukhas. Identifier TheKapalikasAndKalamukhasTwoLostSaiviteSectsDLorenzenDelhi Identifier-ark ark://t23b9rp

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This great flood flows for a thousand divine years, but it cannot fill the skull, Narayana asks Siva about the origin of this amazing skull, and Siva tells him the story of the beheading and its aftermath. The king is requested to carry an unmutilated dead man from a tree on the bank of a river to the cremation ground where the Kapalika is to perform a magic rile.

You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Ramanuja contrasted his own system of thought with what he described as dualism on the part of the Kalamukhas, whom he claimed worshipped Shiva as the instrumental but not the material cause kapaljkas reality, a Pasupata ideal.

Their major centre was at Balligavi and other temple sites included one at Vijayawada. The personalities of the two legendary Kapalikas, Krakaca and Ugra-Bhairava, are quite distinct— where the latter used guile the former chose brute force— but in kkalamukhas Krakaca, like Ugra- Bhairava, is a typical Kapalika.

The bliss which becomes manifest through sexual union is the true form of Bhairava. There were in fact considerable differences between the two sects, and Yamuna and Ramanuja must have known how to distinguish them. Ramanujaa Vaishnavite acharyamay have confused the Kalamukha with the Kapalikas in his Sri Bhasya work, in which he noted them as eating from a skull and keeping wine. The legend about them is apocryphal in any case.


Kapalika and Kalamukha | Hindu ascetics |

Filled up his granary by filching notions From Mahabharatam and from Vedantas. In a sense they are rejections of all rational metaphysics. The original overthrower of Oaks’s sacrifice was Siva himself. In case of contact with Kapalikas, restraint of the breath prdndyama is also prescribed.

Whether or not such ascetics existed and whether or not they themselves invented znd myth, it is certain that the later Kapalikas adopted it as their divine archetype. Next he proceeded north to Kafici, constructed a beautiful kapalikkas there, and suppressed the Tantrikas by spreading Goddess worship in a form authorized by the scriptures sruti-sammata.

Full text of “The Kapalikas And Kalamukhas”

The name Kalamukha, sometimes spelt Kalamukha, may refer to a practice of marking their foreheads with a black streak. In the Kuldrnava-tantra, for example, Siva declares: Soma- siddhanta does this by giving.

kalamukhass Although nearly all of the sources for the Kipalikas are fictional and written from a hostile point of view, the overall picture they give is detailed enough and consistent enough to ensure that it is reasonably authentic. After going a short way the prince saw him. Lanman, Act IV, vs.

When the servant had done this, the magician attempted to decapitate the princess with his sword. Any changes made to the original text since then create a derivative work which is also CC-by-sa licensed. Basham, History and Doctrines of the Ajivikas, pp. Suru, Act t, after vs.


It records a gift to a temple, presumably the Kedaresvara. The command to stand up and fight may be interpreted simply as a demand to symbolically acknowledge the self-defeating nature of the doctrine of akriyd. The priest-magician existed in India, as elsewhere, from earliest times.

An ordinary kalamukhsa or merchant might have called himself a Buddhist, Jain, Vaisnava, or Saivite, but probably not a Kapaaka, Kalamukha or Pasupata.

Some otherwise puzzling sculptures on medieval Indian temples are sometimes explained as depicting Kapalika ascetics.

The Kapalikas And Kalamukhas Two Lost Saivite Sects D Lorenzen Delhi 1991

For it is said: To cite just one example, a legend about the rsi Dadhica in the Salyaparvan chap. The number of statues in northern India declines and the name LakuliSa suddenly appears in a large number of Kannada epigraphs. Although the account in this play is still highly tendentious and distorted, it is in many kapaalikas the most informative. Ritual propitiation is sacrifice.

Blood consecrated immediately becomes abrosia and since the head and flesh are gratifying, therefore should the head and flesh be oflered at the worship of the goddess.

His virtuous wife, kapalikaa had followed him to the market, rushed forward ahead of him and sold herself as a domestic slave to a Brahman teacher.