Biographies of the 4 Rightly guided Khalifahs. 1. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr As- Siddeeq. 2. Sayyiduna ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab 3. Sayyiduna Uthman Ibn Affan 4. I assume you know what sahaba means — companions of rasulullah. The Khulafa Ar-Rashideen are four specific companions of rasulullah.

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Khalid along with his cavalry was sent to Hazir and Abu Ubaidah moved to the city of Qasreen. A beginning was made with the Quraish and the Ansar and the system was gradually extended to the whole of Arabia and to Muslims of conquered lands.

Tauris, The weak and humble you have always treated as strong and honorable, making sure you gave them what was rightfully theirs. At the commencement of the Muslim conquest of Egypt, Egypt was part of the Byzantine Empire with its capital in Constantinople. However their advance was halted by a concentration of the Byzantine army at Ajnadayn. Islam Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled.

Rashidun Caliphate

During the reign of Umar, the Muslim army found it a suitable place to construct a base. The Battle of the River”. Special stables were provided for cavalry. Rashidedn known as Bait-ul-Mal were constructed to house royal treasuries. Halverson 27 Apr The coffers at Medina became full to the brim and the problem before Umar was what should be done with this money.

Notably, according to Sunnis, all four Rashidun Caliphs were connected to Muhammad through marriage, were early converts to Islam, [11] were among ten who were explicitly promised paradisewere his closest companions by association and support and were often highly praised by Muhammad and delegated roles of leadership within the nascent Muslim community.


This was, in fact, done to let Heraclius prepare for defences and raise new armies. They asked, “Who will intercede for her with Allah’s Apostle?

The basic strategy kgulfa early Muslim armies khulta out to conquer foreign lands was to exploit every possible weakness of the enemy army in order to achieve victory. Roads and bridges were constructed for public use. All streets in these cities led to the Friday mosque which was sited in the center of the city. A force of 10, soldiers was sent as reinforcement. Other columns were sent to Anatolia as far west as the Taurus Mountainsthe important city of Marash and Malatya which were all conquered by Khalid in the autumn of CE.

To start from the beginning: Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Demands to take revenge for the assassination of Caliph Uthman rose among parts of the population, and a large army of rebels led by ZubayrTalha and the widow of Muhammad, Aishaset out to fight the perpetrators.

They decided to conquer Jerusalem. Following the death of Muhammad, a meeting took place at Saqifah.

Rashidun – Wikipedia

You cared most for both the Messenger of Allah salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and Islam. The army was pulled out of Nubia without rsshideen success.

Many canals were purchased, and new ones constructed. The battle lasted 6 days during which Abu Ubaida transferred the command of the entire army to Khalid. Archived from the original on January 5, The Rashidun Caliphate reached its greatest extent under Caliph Uthmanin Also known as Dhun-Nurayn Possessor of Two Lights because he married two Muhammad’s daughters Assassinated at the end of a siege upon his house [42] [43].


Later provincial treasuries were set up in the provinces.

What is difference between Khulfa-e-rashideen and Sahaba? – Islam Stack Exchange

The Khulafa Ar-Rashideen are four specific companions of rasulullah:. After four days, when the rebels who assassinated Uthman felt that it was necessary that a new Khalifa should be elected before they left Medina, Many of the companions approached Ali to take the role of caliphwhich he refused to do initially. And truly good successor you proved to be when the kuhlfa apostatized. Umar was assassinated in [3] and was succeeded by Uthmanwho was elected by a six-person committee arranged by Umar.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. On the other hand, Caliph Umar in khupfa latter part of his Caliphate used to direct his generals as to where to stay and when to move to the next target and who rqshideen to command the left and right wing of the army in each particular battle.