Introduction to the Reading of Hegel: Lectures on the Phenomenology of Spirit is a book about Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel by Alexandre Kojève. Alexandre Kojève was a Russian-born French philosopher and statesman whose philosophical Some of Kojève’s more important lectures on Hegel have been published in English in the now classic Introduction to the Reading of Hegel. Jan 14, Introhution n rte Reading of Hegel: Lecttres on rle Phenomenology of Spirig . KojEve is the most thoughtful, the most learned, the most pro-.

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But in his other writings Hegel is less radical. If temporality derives existentially from the anticipation of death Heidegger and death comes from the other Hegelkojeev, it follows, does historical time.

Introduction to the Reading of Hegel

But this condition “in itself” — i. Alexandre Kojeve was born in Russia and educated in Berlin. What exists in reality, as soon as there is a Reality of which one speaks — and since we in fact speak of reality, there can be for us only Reality of which one speaks what exists in reality, I say, is the Subject that knows the Object, or, what is the same thing, the Object known by the Subject. Indeed, we all know that the man who attentively contemplates a thing, who wants to see it as it is without changing anything, is jegel so to speak, by this contemplation — that is, by this thing.

In becoming master of Nature by work, then, the Slave frees himself from his own nature, from his own instinct that tied him to Nature and made him the Master’s Slave.


Alexandre Kojève (1902—1968)

Lectures on the Phenomenology of Spiritin Main Currents of Marxism. Kojeve describes the character of wis- dom even if he does not prove it has been actualized.

He was also fluent uegel French, German, Russian, and English. And since Desire is realized as action negating the given, the very being of this I will be action.

For Hegel, the historical movement of thought is a ‘dialectical’ process wherein these divisions are put through processes of reconciliation, producing in turn new divisions, which thought in turn attempts to reconcile.

He tries, therefore, to justify by a new ideology this contra- diction in skeptical existence, which is, all things considered, the Stoic— i. He was educated at the University of Berlin and HeidelbergGermany. This, at least, is what Hegel says in the Jojeve to the Phenomenology: At the same time, the negative-or-negat- ing middle-term — i.

After making the first ax, man can use it to make a second one, which, by that very fact, will be another, a better ax. But if dialectic finally attains the adequation of discursive thought to Reality and Being, nothing in Reality and Being corresponds to dialectic.

Introduction to the Reading of Hegel by Alexandre Kojeve

A life and death Fight because Desire that is directed toward a Desire directed toward a Desire goes beyond the biological given, so that Action carried out for the sake of this Desire is not limited by this given. By accepting it, one can already foresee, or understand “deduce”what human existence will be.

The former is the Master, the latter — the Slave. Therefore, man can appear on earth only within a herd. On the Hegelian model, being can only be ‘there’ in Heidegger’s sense of presenting itself as the object of inquiry for a fundamentally self-interpreting entity, if this entity has previously been constituted as an entity of this kind, through a kojrve of mutual recognition.


Introduction to the Reading of Hegel – Wikipedia

This superiority, at first purely ideal, which consists in the mental fact of being recognized and of knowing that he is recognized as Master hegeel the Slave, is realized and materialized through the Slave’s Work. Now, by the way, reality is dialectical only because it implies a negative or negating element: Therefore, it is real- ized and revealed only as “recognized” reality.

The dialectical method was consciously and systematically used for the first time by Socrates-Plato. Through his Work, therefore, the Slave comes to the same koojeve to which the Master comes by risking his life in the Fight: Its analysis will form part of an ontology of social being. Desire, being the revelation of an emptiness, the kojefe ence of the absence of a reality, is something essentially different from the desired thing, something other than a thing, than a static and given real being that stays eternally identical to itself.

To give two of many examples: It is precisely Marx’s failure to think j through the meaning of his own historical thought that proves his philosophical inadequacy and compels us to turn to the pro-: Recently, three more books have been published: His freedom, to be sure, is recognized. In other words, man’s humanity “comes to light” only if he risks his animal life for the sake of his human Desire.